Where can you find other stellar examples of colonial architecture in the world? It is clearly British, but at the same time, there are large water bowls, overhanging eaves, lattice screens and elephant statues that come from Indian architecture. The church features magnificent stain glass windows, which allow the sunlight into the church and has two huge timber doors which lead you inside. Independence Hall is part of Independence National Historical Park managed by the United States National Park Service. They are as … Under Dutch governance, Galle was made the administrative capital of the island. [/one_half][one_half_last padding=”0 0px 0 10px”][/one_half_last]. On the main roads, these buildings are still used as shops, while the ones on the side roads are mostly residences these days. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The colonial houses in Granada usually have one floor but the richest ones can have up to two, with nice balconies. colonial town. The granite façade sits atop a small hill with a long flight of steps leading up to it. While colonial architecture is surely unique and beautiful, one must also remember that it was once much more than just that. While there are some well-known, impressive British-era buildings like the Raffles Hotels or what is now the National Museum of Singapore, what represents British Colonial the best, is the shophouses. In 1974, the Archeological Department of Sri Lanka named Galle fort as an archeological reserve and in 1983 UNESCO inscribed it as a world cultural heritage site due to history and architecture of the buildings and fort. very well done. In its heyday, British colonial decor combined pared-back aspects of Victorian design with details drawn from local materials and traditions. Read – A look at British Colonial Architecture in India – Part I. Francis Assisi Church – Soham Banerjee via Flick Though the British are often regarded as the main colonial powers in India, there are other European countries that have established their trade and cultural imprint on the Indian landscape. French colonialism primarily took place in North America and the Carribean between the early 17th century and the late 19th century. Whitewashed walls and sheer fabrics contrasted with native teak or mahogany, while the use of palms, ferns, and other natural elements reflected a … The original ceiling was pained blue and had golden stars embossed on the paint. Originally conceived as a military base for British troops, the cantonment also began to house civilians who were associated with servicing the military, and developed into a full-fledged mini-city of its own. When looking at colonial architectural styles, it's probably easiest to start with the British. There are a few workshops that are continuing the Talavera craftsmanship and you can also take a tour and learn the entire process. Your email address will not be published. Old Havana is home to numerous buildings of significance and one of the most famous is the Gran Teatro de La Habana which was constructed to serve as a social center for Galician (Spanish) migrants in 1915. While British supremacy did not change the fact that India was becoming rapidly urbanized, it did lead to new alignments and priorities, since the controlling power was now different.  Features of the Confluence of Indian and Persian styles  Mughal Design Terms : The Indo-Persian style flourished … During their travels, colonists generally built houses in familiar styles as a way to stay connected to their homelands. The construction materials are brick and wood, with marble keystones over the windows. Over the past few years, Myanmar has opened its doors to tourism. Possibly the biggest player in the game of colonial architecture would have to be Spain. Tropical inspired furnishings. There were also decorative items that were shipped from England. Find and save ideas about british colonial style on Pinterest. In contrast to the red brick used in the Netherlands at the time, buildings in the colonies were whitewashed and often featured overhanging roofs. Pasteur institutes can be found all over former French Indochina (there are four in Vietnam alone), but Dalat’s has special significance. I really enjoyed reading this as an architecture nerd too. The historic architecture of the Caribbean is a direct reflection of the many cultures and ethnic groups that came together to make the Caribbean the cultural melting pot it is today. The Pasteur Institute is classic French-colonial, painted the bright shade of canary yellow that’s synonymous with administrative buildings all over Vietnam, including in Hanoi and Hoi An. When you visit, inquire about the secret underground tunnels that run from the church to the old governor’s house and other parts of the fort. So, what did British colonial architecture look like? Luderitz is located on the southern coast of the country and almost feels like a desert outpost. The second of the 21 missions built in California was the Mission San Carlos Borromeo del Rio Carmelo, the Carmel Mission. British colonial architecture are most visible in North America, the British West Indies, South Asia, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Most of Oamaru’s old buildings are made from “Oamaru stone” (limestone) which is famous in these parts. Dutch Colonial architecture can primarily be found in Indonesia, South Africa, as well as parts of South Asia and North America. Nonetheless, life in Granada’s houses always turns around an inner patio, with shade, plants and perhaps a central stone fountain. Feb 16, 2013 - Explore Jaryn Nelson's board "British West Indies/Colonial Exteriors" on Pinterest. Dutch Colonial became a popular revival style, and 20th-century homes … Originally conceived as a military base for British troops, the cantonment also began to house civilians who were associated with servicing the military, and developed into a full-fledged mini-city of its own. After the Dutch won, they stayed in Sri Lanka and colonized various parts of the island, which is still evident today and has influenced the food, the style of buildings, street names and the architecture. Many of the buildings have an intriguing and colorful history as they have been frequented over time by everyone from the Mafia, the Russians and numerous Hollywood movie stars and Afro-Cuban musicians and artists. The Mughals focused more on construction of massive Gardens, Monuments, Forts, Palaces and Mosques. Portuguese Colonial architecture can primarily be found in South America, as well as South Asia and parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Architects of these Jamaican plantation houses adapted the pattern books for Georgian architecture into something called Jamaican Georgian architecture. Last but not least, there’s the Railway Station, which, just like the rest of the buildings, is a national monument and was built in 1904. In the later years, the French style also found its way to the colonies in Africa and Asia (‘French Indochina’). Colonial architecture is its most interesting when local culture gets integrated into European architecture, creating something new, and Rashtrapati Bhavan is a great example of this. During the Spanish ‘Conquista’, religion and architecture came hand-in-hand. It’s a small city in Uruguay and a must for anyone who comes around to the South of South America. The more ornate replacement visible today, including a clock, was added in 1828. it a helpful article for students. You can see the Spanish influence in many buildings in the charming village of Carmel-by-the-Sea. This includes the fascinating nature, the reggae music, the special climate and, mainly, its interesting architecture. Among them were English, Dutch, French, and Spanish […] The architecture of the French Quarter is one of the city’s most famous tourist attractions and visitors to New Orleans can view it on a self-guided tour. The designs borrow from European architectural styles, and some include tiling imported from Europe, but also use many common motifs from Chinese tradition. One of the most interesting buildings to check out is the Central Market, which was built in the 1930s in the Art Deco style. However, these houses were primarily reserved for the cultural elite and only became available to the local population after the demise of the colonial powers. The amount of land enclosed was a symbol of status. It is interesting to see the style that emerged from the missionaries’ desire to re-create the architecture from “back home” within the constraints imposed by the local paucity of skilled labor and appropriate materials. If you do wish to see it more in depth, though, I suggest you visit the Museo Portugués (Portuguese Museum) with Portuguese colonial artifacts and furniture. Rua Portugal is kind of the emblem of the city – and the people from Sao Luis were very proud to show this beautiful street to visitors. By the middle of the 18th century, the Spanish, who had already colonized Mexico, began colonizing California as well. Often, traditional elements mixed with the local culture led to a stylistic hybrid, a unique architectural style not found anywhere else in the world. It’s full of old buildings and is surely one of New Zealand’s most atmospheric streets. Pastel-colored neoclassical buildings, 16th-century Jesuit churches, and delicious Portuguese egg tarts: you can find them all here. Bangalore cantonment had, for example, a population of 100,000 by the early 20th century and consisted of public offices, churches, parks, shops and schools. A wooden steeple/tower was added in about 1750 but had to be removed in 1781 due to wood rot. Another interesting feature in the old streets of Oamaru is the steampunk aesthetic which ties in nicely with all the history on show. Recommended by Soumya of Stories by Soumya. Some of the buildings that are worth visiting include The High Court Building, the Central Telephone & Telegraph office, The Secretariat or Ministers Office, and the Accountant General Building. These urban design projects could not fail to be influenced by precedents in Britain: the Royal Crescent at Bath by John Wood, and the Quadrant in Regent’s Park, London by John Nash were particularly influential, translating into Elphinstone Circle (now. be reproduced without prior written permission of the copyright holder. Dutch Colonial architecture may have had its beginnings in the 17th century, but fully bloomed in the late 19th and early 20th century. (Although Melaka features Dutch colonial architecture rather than British). This stems from their perception as the colonies of the elite. However, it’s particularly fun to explore George Town’s old town because it’s not just a few famous buildings that are charming and historic; there are lots of beautiful colonial-style buildings lining the streets, and many are now shops and hotels, such as the Museum Hotel. The Dutch partly governed Sri Lanka between 1640 till 1796. Different from the Mughal architecturethe colonial era architecture consisted of simpler designs, public interest and new construction techniques. Make sure to look out for the “Rua Portugal” (Portugal Street), which includes beautiful azulejos (painted tiles) and Colonial mansions. From the 1750s until the 1850s, Jamaican Georgian architecture was the most popular style in the country. For a senior officer a ratio of 15:1, garden to built form, was appropriate, while for a beginning rank it could even be 1:1. While the actual model for a bungalow remains controversial, it appears to have dual origins: the detached rural Bengal house sitting in its compound (from the word root bangla – from Bengal), and the British suburban villa. If you’re feeling fancy, you could splash out and stay at the Strand Hotel. The most important ones are the Deutsche Africa Bank building, which is a national monument and was first built in 1907; the Felsenkirche, or Rock Church, a national monument since 1978, which is located on Diamond Hill and is a church in vertical Gothic style consecrated in 1912 – the best views of the church are from the Luderitz Nest Hotel. Recommended by Noel of Travel Photo Discovery. Inside the church, there are high ceilings that are made out of ironwood and there are many tombs stones on the floor of the church, which are written in Dutch with Dutch designs of that period. Dutch Colonial is often characterized by the conformity of Dutch building styles to the tropical climates of the former East Indies and South Asia. It still functions as one of the most popular markets in Phnom Penh. The cantonment thus developed into a European town in India, whose main house type was the bungalow. While the actual model for a bungalow remains controversial, it appears to have dual origins: the detached rural Bengal house sitting in its compound (from the word root, The first bungalows inhabited by the East India Company agents were initially the same as the. A number of new towns and new suburbs were built to house the British, and the pattern of new town planning changed. In this sense the British showed a hierarchical system no less developed than the complex caste system which they ascribed to India. Yet another one that is close to the Victoria Memorial is St. Paul’s Cathedral built in 1847. British Colonial Architecture: Towns, Cantonments & Bungalows: by Ashish Nangia: Urban Design. It is located a few yards from the main gate entrance into the huge fort. Portuguese architecture spread to its colonies from the 15th century until the late 20th century. Architectural GuidesLast updated November 5, 2018. American history is a history of colonies. The original building was constructed between 1732 and 1748 to serve as the Pennsylvania State House. British Colonial architecture is often an eclectic mix of styles and materials, representing traditional British values and local customs. As such, architecture was very much a way to express power, wealth, and status in the colonies. The Cantonment was a British military settlement which was to spread out all over India wherever the British were present in sizable numbers. Share your thoughts with us in the comments below! The cobblestone streets lined with the prettiest, simple, colorful adobe houses, the Portón de Campo (the remains of the walls that protected the city), the lighthouse visible from anywhere, the vintage cars around the place; they all bring the visitors to the olden days. Another great example of colonial architecture is The Mansion Bar, located across from the National Museum. The building is well preserved and is one of the best examples of this style of architecture in the region. Such hybrid styl… Interesting fact – it is the largest residence of any head of state in the world. Amongst other things, one of the top reasons to visit Myanmar is to see some of the beautiful colonial architecture: Yangon has more colonial-era buildings than any other South-East Asian city. The application of urban design guidelines resulted in the unified character that old British settlements in India still possess. The typical residential bungalow for the wealthy, for example, was set back from the road by a walled compound. Commonly we distinguish between Spanish Colonial, Portuguese colonial, British colonial, French colonial, and Dutch colonial. This harbor city is a fantastic example of German colonial architecture, to the point that visitors feel like they are visiting an average Bavarian city rather than a city in the middle of the desert in Namibia. This is another neo-Classical, Victorian building located in the heart of Yangon across … Macau, one of the two Special Administrative Regions of China, was colonized by the Portuguese in the late 1550s. Settling mainly in New York State, they built brick and stone houses with rooflines that echoed the architecture of the Netherlands. Colonia del Sacramento is one of the most beautiful examples of colonial architecture in the world. That’s … Thank you. One of the most beautiful examples of British colonial architecture in the city is the famed Victoria Memorial, which is today a museum. The city of Puebla is one of the most enthralling examples of colonial architecture with its Baroque facades and opulent churches. Built at the start of the last century, and re-opened in the 90s following renovation, this is now one of Myanmar’s most expensive and luxurious hotels. What we don't always talk about is the influence of the other colonists. The immigration of people from one area of an empire to another often caused the colonies to adopt or be rebuilt in a hybridized style of the architecture of their colonizer. India was still divided into administrative districts as under the Mughals, and the towns which functioned as district headquarters were the ones where most of the new architecture was built. It is all wonderful and fun to explore the entire city and the many attractions worth visiting here. The ground floor would have housed a shop, while behind that and upstairs provided a home for the shop owner and family. Bangalore cantonment had, for example, a population of 100,000 by the early 20th century and consisted of public offices, churches, parks, shops and schools. "spires." Many New Orleans buildings dating to the colonial period were destroyed in fires and today the French Quarter is the oldest part of the city. 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