Jocelin continued the building campaign begun by Reginald and was responsible for the Bishop's Palace, the choristers' school, a grammar school, a hospital for travellers and a chapel. He also donated the great west window of the Nave. Many of the figures are life-sized or larger. [1], The east window of the choir is a broad, seven-light window dating from 1340–1345. As was usual, the quire and east end was built first (though later extended), and the nave was completed by 1229, by Bishop Jocelyn, with simple, rather noble, pointed arches and a relatively cool, austere quality. All wells cathedral artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. [138], The cathedral also has a chamber organ, built by the Scottish organ-builders Lammermuir, which is normally kept in the choir but which can be moved around for services and concerts. The cathedral from the south east. [75] It is also a venue for musical events such as an annual concert by the Somerset Chamber Choir. Athelm and his nephew Dunstan both became Archbishops of Canterbury. [123][124][125], Wells Cathedral has one of the finest sets of misericords in Britain. It is entered from a staircase which divides and turns, one branch leading through the upper storey of Chain Gate to Vicars' Close. [32] Its collection is in three parts: early documents housed in the Muniment Room; the collection predating 1800 housed in the Chained Library; and the post-1800 collection housed in the Reading Room. [1][117] The east window was restored to a semblance of its original appearance by Thomas Willement in 1845. In medieval times the clergy assembled in the church eight times daily for the canonical hours. It is also dependent on the refinement of the architectural details, in particular the mouldings. In 1338 the mason William Joy employed an unorthodox solution by inserting low arches topped by inverted arches of similar dimensions, forming scissors-like structures. [4], Wells Cathedral has a square east end to the choir, as is usual, and like several other cathedrals including Salisbury and Lichfield, has a lower Lady Chapel projecting at the eastern end, begun by Thomas Witney in about 1310, possibly before the chapter house was completed. [121] Here the carving of the foliage is varied and vigorous, the springing leaves and deep undercuts casting shadows that contrast with the surface of the piers. Portal, Lincoln Cathedral. [20], By the time the cathedral, including the chapter house, was finished in 1306,[35] it was already too small for the developing liturgy, and unable to accommodate increasingly grand processions of clergy. The boys and girls sing alternately with the Vicars Choral and are educated at Wells Cathedral School. The quadripartite vault of the nave was decorated in the 19th century. [126], The misericords date from 1330 to 1340. This image is a part of a set of featured pictures, which means that members of the community have identified it as part of a related set of the finest images on the English Wikipedia. [30] Since the 11th century the church has had a chapter of secular clergy, like the cathedrals of Chichester, Hereford, Lincoln and York. [134] At the striking of the clock, jousting knights appear above the clock face. He donated the nave's great west window at a cost of £140. Wells is the first cathedral in England to be built, from its foundation, in Gothic style. [55] During Bathurst's long tenure the cathedral was restored, but in the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685, Puritan soldiers damaged the west front, tore lead from the roof to make bullets, broke the windows, smashed the organ and furnishings, and for a time stabled their horses in the nave. Somerset. [114], The Lady Chapel has a vault of complex and somewhat irregular pattern, as the chapel is not symmetrical about both axes. Dean Ralph Bathurst succeeded Chreyghton as Dean. Wooden galleries installed in the 16th century were removed and the stalls were given stone canopies and placed further back within the line of the arcade. The Vicars Choral generally perform with the choristers, except on Wednesdays, when they sing alone, allowing them to present a different repertoire, in particular plainsong. [143] Malcolm Archer was the appointed Organist and Master of the Choristers in 1996–2004. [127] In 1848 came a complete rearrangement of the choir furniture, and 61 of the misericords were reused in the restructured stalls. The dean, Walter Raleigh, a nephew of the explorer Walter Raleigh, was placed under house arrest after the fall of Bridgwater to the Parliamentarians in 1645, first in the rectory at Chedzoy and then in the deanery at Wells. He defined the theme as "a calendar for unlearned men" illustrating the doctrines and history of the Christian faith, its introduction to Britain and its protection by princes and bishops. [32] The design maintains the general proportions, and continues the strong projection of the buttresses. Wells Cathedral Nave and Crossing. [133], The clock has its original medieval face. [127], Twenty-seven of the carvings depict animals: rabbits, dogs, a puppy biting a cat, a ewe feeding a lamb, monkeys, lions, bats, and the Early Christian motif of two doves drinking from a ewer. [4], The west front rises in three distinct stages, each clearly defined by a horizontal course. The Chapel of St Martin is a memorial to every Somerset man who fell in World War I. A staircase leads from the cathedral (right) to the chapter house and the Chain Gate which gives access to Vicars Close. More have survived on the northern and eastern sides of the north tower. (And it's close enough to Bath to make an easy day out by car.) The drum roll of its mighty nave builds up to the spectacular retrochoir of double windows and weird sculptures. It depicts the Tree of Jesse (the genealogy of Christ) and demonstrates the use of silver staining, a new technique that allowed the artist to paint details on the glass in yellow, as well as black. [24], Savaric's successor, Jocelin of Wells, again moved the bishop's seat to Bath Abbey, with the title Bishop of Bath. [115] The piers have attached shafts of marble, and, with the vaults that they support, create a vista of great complexity from every angle. [126] New stalls were ordered when the eastern end of the choir was extended in the early 14th century. The round font in the south transept is from the former Saxon cathedral and has an arcade of round-headed arches, on a round plinth. [9] The east end retains much ancient stained glass. Its governing body, the chapter, is made up of five clerical canons (the dean, the precentor, the canon chancellor, the canon treasurer, and the archdeacon of Wells) and four lay members: the administrator (chief executive), Keeper of the Fabric, Overseer of the Estate and the chairman of the cathedral shop and catering boards. [4] It has been called "unquestionably one of the most beautiful"[5] and "most poetic" of English cathedrals. The sculptures on the west front at Wells include standing figures, seated figures, half-length angels and narratives in high relief. [32] The tower was later braced internally with arches by William Joy. [92] According to the architectural historian Alec Clifton-Taylor, it is "one of the great sights of England". [131], In the north transept is Wells Cathedral clock, an astronomical clock from about 1325 believed to be by Peter Lightfoot, a monk of Glastonbury. [4] The sculptures occupy nine architectural zones stretching horizontally across the entire west front and around the sides and the eastern returns of the towers which extend beyond the aisles. If your kid gets baptized in Wells Cathedral, it's done using the same font as has been used for 1,300 years. Since 1348 the College of Vicars had its own accommodation in a quadrangle converted in the early 15th century to form Vicar's Close. The first record of an organ at this church dates from 1310. The image of the "Pelican in her Piety" (believed to feed her young on her own blood) is a recognised symbol for Christ's love for the Church. [119] The combination of yellow and green glass and the application of the bright yellow stain gives the window its popular name, the "Golden Window". Under Dean Goodenough, the monuments were moved to the cloisters and the remaining medieval paint and whitewash removed in an operation known as "the great scrape". One figure lies beneath the seat, supporting the shelf with a cheek, a hand and a foot. The Liberty of St Andrew was the historic liberty and parish[168] that encompassed the cathedral and surrounding lands closely associated with it. [32] The vault has a multiplicity of ribs in a net-like form, which is very different from that of the nave, and is perhaps a recreation in stone of a local type of compartmented wooden roof of which examples remain from the 15th century, including those at St Cuthbert's Church, Wells. [88] The capitals themselves are remarkable for the vitality of the stylised foliage, in a style known as "stiff-leaf". These were "misericords" because their installation was an act of mercy. Crossing the nave of the church, through the scissor arches, to the south transept, is an old baptismal font. A cat playing with a mouse may represent the Devil snaring a human soul. [67] The current bishop of Bath and Wells is Peter Hancock, who was installed in a service in the Cathedral on 7 June 2014. [159], Three early registers of the Dean and Chapter edited by W. H. B. Bird for the Historical Manuscripts Commissioners – Liber Albus I (White Book; R I), Liber Albus II (R III) and Liber Ruber (Red Book; R II, section i) – were published in 1907. www.wellscathedral.org.uk See my other Evensong film which I filmed as part of the congregation and … Salisbury Cathedral. [162], To the south of the cathedral is the moated Bishop's Palace, begun about 1210 by Jocelin of Wells but dating mostly from the 1230s. On the green is the 12th-century Old Deanery, largely rebuilt in the late 15th century by Dean Gunthorpe and remodelled by Dean Bathurst in the late 17th century. A well-known figure is the corbel of the dragon-slaying monk in the chapter house stair. [12][13] It was dedicated to St Andrew and stood at the site of the cathedral's cloisters, where some excavated remains can be seen. [77] Entry is free, but visitors are encouraged to make a donation towards the annual running costs of around £1.5 million in 2015. wells cathedral, wells, england, 12th-15th c. scissor arches, 1338. the nave culminates in the great, bracing scissor arches of the crossing, added when an attempted heightening of the central tower threatened the stability of the church. [54] His brass lectern, given in thanksgiving, can be seen in the cathedral. Though possibly influenced by carvings of acanthus leaves or vine leaves, it cannot be easily identified with any particular plant. The Golden Window at the east end of the choir depicting the. www.wellscathedral.org.uk See my other Evensong film which I filmed as part of the congregation and … Shop for wells cathedral art from the world's greatest living artists. [106] A new statue of Jesus was carved for the central niche, but the two side niches now contain cherubim. [112] These arches brace the piers of the crossing on three sides, while the easternmost side is braced by a choir screen. [46] Between 1551 and 1568, in two periods as dean, William Turner established a herb garden, which was recreated between 2003 and 2010. No longer the dean's residence, it is used as diocesan offices. It was substantially reconstructed in the early 14th century during the remodelling of the east end, necessitating the internal bracing of the piers a decade or so later. The landmark central tower was erected in the 14th century, with the fan vaulting attached later. The long central aisle is oriented east-west, with the entrance at the east. And clerestory ] Anthony Salvin, 1842–1857, which was used until the following century 's Chapel, by. Total sum of £200 arches can be seen at the striking of dead... 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