Open a Terminal window and type this command to restart Apache: as a CGI program that Apache runs every time it needs to process a PHP-enhanced web page, as an Apache module compiled right into the Apache program, as an Apache module loaded by Apache each time it starts up. With everything set up and running, you’re ready to write your first PHP script. If you normally launch your MySQL server manually, go ahead and do that before trying the command again. If you’re in a rush, however, or if you need to set up a temporary development environment to use just for a day or two, a quick-and-dirty solution may be preferable. Web browsers are unable to understand PHP scripts; rather, PHP scripts contain instructions for a PHP-savvy web server to execute in order to generate the HTML code that browsers can understand. We want to enable the MySQL extension so that PHP can communicate with MySQL. If you were setting up a web server to be accessed publicly on the Web, the options on this screen would be important. We’ll discuss the exact role it plays and how it works later, but briefly it’s a software program that’s able to organize and manage many pieces of information efficiently while keeping track of how all of those pieces of information are related to each other. Often, the database is used to store much more information about the customer. You should now be fully equipped with a web server that supports PHP scripts, a MySQL database server, and a basic understanding of how to use each of these. To edit this file you must be logged in as root, so launch your text editor from the Terminal window where you’re still logged in as root: In this file, look for the line that begins with DirectoryIndex. If this happens, it’s because your copy of Windows is set up to hide the filename extension if it recognizes it. For the Apache server, this is the htdocs folder in the main Apache web server directory. This allows the customer administrators to create data records via the web browser, edit, and delete them. If you take another look in your PHP installation directory, for example, you’ll see there are also php5apache.dll and php5apache2.dll files there. On a brand new MySQL server, the root account has no password, so you can just hit Enter when prompted. If you retrace your steps to make sure you followed the process described above, and this fails to solve the problem, a post to the SitePoint Forums will help you pin it down in little time. Add index.php to the end of this line: Make sure the LoadModule and PHPIniDir lines point to your PHP installation directory, and note the use of forward slashes (/) instead of backslashes () in the paths. Click the Run as administrator menu item. Here are a few that work on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux: If you’d prefer to avoid typing out all the code, you can download this file – along with the rest of the code in this book – from the code archive. The CREATE DATABASE statement is used to create a new SQL database. If you need to install Apache on your computer, surf on over to The Apache HTTP Server Project and look for the version of Apache described as the best available (as of writing it’s version 2.2.11, as shown below). SSH into your server. Create a new database user: Kevin loves to share his wealth of knowledge and it didn't stop at books, he's also the course instructor to 3 online courses in web development. In the support-files subdirectory of the mysql directory, you’ll find a script called mysql.server that can be added to your system startup routines to do this. I’ll give you a hint: their names feature prominently on the cover of this book! 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