It only Pledges varieties contributed and Pledged by their breeders. Your support is critical to keeping our operations running. OSSI differs from plant breeders' rights and plant variety protection in that the Pledge allows recipients to do anything they want with the seed except restrict it. The Open Source Seed Initiative. All proceeds go to support our work. Free the Seed! Welcome to the Open Source Plant Breeding Forum sponsored by Open Source Seed Initiative.Open Source Plant Breeding Forum sponsored by Open Source Seed Initiative. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is an organization that developed and maintains a mechanism through which plant breeders can designate the new crop varieties they have bred as open source. Preserving Seeds for the Commons By Guest Blogger, Lyn Howe, Beach Road Farm, HI Presently over 75% of proprietary seeds are owned by 10 companies, but a new Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI), introduced by the University of Wisconsin-Madison, seeks to provide an alternative to this […] Kloppenburg himself was inspired by the work of writers and activists Pat Roy Mooney, a Canadian, and Cary Fowler, an American, who began engaging with issues of the public versus private ownership of seed and genetic resources in the 1970s. The freedom to share, trade, or sell seed to others. The Open Source Seed Initiative was founded in 2012 to protect the ability to share seeds. OSSI is a U.S. based not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organizationfocusing on establishing a protected commons of open source varieties and on educational and outreach activities … This mechanism is advanced as an alternative to patent-protected seeds sold by large agriculture companies such as Monsanto or DuPont. Get Involved: Find out how you can help free the seed. On 10 August 2015 an OSSI-Pledged red romaine lettuce variety called 'Outredgeous' bred by farmer-breeder Frank Morton became the first plant variety to be planted, harvested and eaten entirely in space, as a part of Expedition 44 to the International Space Station.[7]. Inspired by the free and open source software movement that has provided alternatives to proprietary software, OSSI was created to free the seed – to make sure that the genes in at least some seed can never be locked away from use by intellectual property rights. And because there is no research exemption for patented material, plant breeders at universities and small seed companies cannot use patented seed to create the new crop varieties that should be the foundation of a just and sustainable agriculture. [4] At first the OSSI tried to draft a legally-defensible license, but they found that the principle of software licenses did not translate easily to plants, as a license on plant seeds would need to continue to each new generations of plants, quickly creating a huge amount of legal work. Carol Deppe and C.R. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms , and getting them fulfilled in 2 to 4 business days. The Open Source Seed Initiative was established in May 2012, by a group of public plant breeders, small seed company plant breeders, farmer-breeders, and advocates for seed sovereignty. OSSI’s mission: to maintain fair and open access to plant genetic resources worldwide in order to ensure the availability of germplasm (seeds) to farmers, gardeners, breeders, and communities of this and future generations. Page 4, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. Welcome to the world of “freed seed,” a concept inspired by the open-source software movement, but aimed at insuring that the genes in at least some seed varieties can never be patented and otherwise restricted, and thereby locked away from use. The objective of the license was to build a pool of shared plant germplasm that could be freely used for breeding new crop varieties. The Open Source Seed Initiative seeks to combat corporate seed control and patenting by bringing seed varieties, breeding projects and germplasm back to the public commons, where they belong. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is dedicated to maintaining fair and open access to plant genetic resources worldwide in order to ensure the availability of germplasm to farmers, gardeners, breeders, and communities of this and future generations. [3][5] The license was explicitly modeled on the General Public License that had been developed by Richard Stallman and others in the computer software community. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is an organization that developed and maintains a mechanism through which plant breeders can designate the new crop varieties they have bred as open source. OSSI is dedicated to maintaining fair and open access to plant genetic resources worldwide. Even in the short time since, there have been such … OSSI is a 501(c)3 non-profit and donations are tax deductible within the guidelines of U.S. law. The intention is that the use of seed bearing the Open Source Seed Pledge never be restricted, and that anyone reproducing or transferring the seed or its derivatives will … See, for example, Carol Deppe's article in the January issue of Acres/USA- Thirty-three Great Open-Source Organic-Adapted Vegetable Varieties. General Public License for Plant Germplasm was the first license of its kind to treat the plant genotype as if it were computer source code that can be freely used in a new program (crop variety) so long as the new program (crop variety) is also designated as General Public License. In return, you pledge not to restrict others' use of these seeds or their derivatives by patents or other means, and to include this pledge with any transfer of these seeds or their derivatives." Das ist ein einfacher Weg, Saatgut rechtlich vor Patenten und anderen Formen der Privatisierung zu schützen. OSSI was formed in order to enhance vigorous innovation in plant breeding by the creation of a licensing framework for germplasm exchange that would preserve the right to unencumbered use of shared seeds … The OSSI was founded in 2012 by a group of plant breeders, farmers, and seed companies. The freedom to select or adapt the seed, make crosses with it, or use it to breed new lines and varieties. (This term "freedom to operate" has come to mean the degree to which seeds and the genes contained in those seeds can be freely used by breeders, gardeners, farmers, and seed producers without legal restriction.). This page was last edited on 18 July 2020, at 08:45. Setting the Table for a Challenging 2021. Fueled by both frustration and outrage, Myers, Morton, and Goldman helped establish a subtly radical group called the Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) in 2012. Lawn joined the OSSI board of directors in its early stages, providing invaluable contributions from the freelance breeding community and the seed industry. Seed Saver's new online and print editions of the Garden Seed Inventory will label all OSSI-Pledged varieties with the OSSI logo and the name of the breeder, and will include the Pledge in the beginning of the book. The Open Source Seed Initiative Pledge asks farmers, gardeners, and plant breeders who use the seed to refrain from patenting or licensing the seed or derivatives from it, and to pass on the Pledge to any derivatives made. Page 3, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms , and getting them fulfilled in 2 to 4 business days. View Building Open source Seed Systems.pdf from ECE 330 at Punjab University. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms , and getting them fulfilled in 2 to 4 business days. [4] The OSSI eventually decided to use an informal Pledge printed on every seed packet or transmitted along with the seed, both for simplicity and because they felt this less restrictive approach was more in line with the goals of the project. Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties: In April of 2014, Wild Garden Seed joined with High Mowing Seed and public breeders at three Land Grant Universities (Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin) to release seeds of our own breeding under the auspices of the Open Source Seed Initiative, OSSI.The purpose of OSSI is to create an ethically bounded genetic commons. 5 days ago; Post-Election Market Trends 2020. Increasingly, patenting and restrictive contracts are used to enhance the power and control of these companies over the seeds and the farmers that feed the world. Kloppenburg documented the ever-increasing encroachments upon the traditional rights of farmers, gardeners, and plant breeders to save, replant, share, or breed with seed, as well as forced plant breeders and all others interested in crop genetic resources to confront the degree to which they had lost or were losing "freedom to operate" with their seeds. Today, only a handful of companies account for most of the world’s commercial breeding and seed sales. Dazu statten wir neue Sorten mit der Open-Source Lizenz aus. Their discussions launched the idea of the Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI), … The Open Source Seed Initiative Today, only a handful of companies account for most of the world’s commercial breeding and seed sales. Open Source Seed Initiative, founded some 15 years later, creates a seed commons involving the method of germplasm exchange based upon a Pledge. An open source license is a tool constituted by the provisions of contract law. Kloppenburg's focus on the ownership and control of those resources still remains one of the most pressing questions for future generations. In 2010, a group of plant breeders, seed companies, non-profit organizations, and social scientists met to discuss what an open source system for plant varieties might look like. While some of these views were criticized by plant breeders in the 1980s and 1990s, Kloppenburg argued that the expansion of intellectual property rights over crop genetic resources, including cultivars, genes, and plant traits, is an issue of concern for the future of global agriculture. sativus) Cultivars Commercially Available in the United States", "Freeing Crop Genetics through the Open Source Seed Initiative", "Enhancing Freedom to Operate for Plant Breeders and Farmers through Open Source Plant Breeding", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Open_Source_Seed_Initiative&oldid=968265256, Horticultural organizations based in the United States, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. First OSSI works with plant breeders who commit to making one or more of their varieties available exclusively under the OSSI Pledge. OSSI provides maximal freedom to operate for those who wish to save, replant, share, sell, trade, breed, and otherwise innovate with seeds. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) seeks to protect a wide range of newly bred varieties from being targeted by these companies, and does it by applying Open Source designations to varieties that have been pledged by their breeders. Several scientific journal articles[9][10][11] have explored ideas surrounding open source plant breeding, genetic variation, and intellectual property. OSSI is governed by a board of directors and as of July 2017[update] includes 36 plant breeders and 46 seed company partners in its work. Even though anyone can use such seed, most people probably won't be … The Open Source Seed Initiative permits any contract or agreement for seed increase and/or benefit sharing for OSSI-Pledged varieties in which the restrictions on the use of the seeds are limited to the two contracting parties. (including this payment) *. Nov 12, 2020 Concerns over the difficulties of accessing genetic resources in the face of increasing use of restrictive IPRs led a group of plant breeders, farmers, nonprofit agencies, seed advocates, and policymakers to create the nonprofit organization: the Open Source Seed Initiative … OSSI t-shirts are now for sale. International efforts, coordinated through the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the United Nations Environment Program, and manifest through agreements such as the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and the Convention on Biological Diversity, have sought global solutions to sustainable and fair use of the planet's crop genetic resources. [1] The Pledge states: "You have the freedom to use these OSSI-Pledged seeds in any way you choose. Originally published in 1990, then updated in 2000, this book chronicles the vast changes in seed sovereignty that took place during the 20th century through the rise of modern plant breeding approaches, the expansion of intellectual property rights, and emerging crop biotechnologies. While varieties have been contributed by public sector plant breeders at universities and not-for-profit organizations, most OSSI varieties have been contributed by freelance plant breeders and seed companies. We’re working hard to FREE THE SEED! In response, an Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) has been launched in the United States to apply legal mechanisms drawn from the open source software movement to plant breeding. Taking inspiration from open source software, the OSSI seeks to create a "protected commons" of open-source seed varieties as an alternative to patented or otherwise legally restricted seeds. In addition, OSSI does not Pledge heirlooms or indigenous varieties. NPR opined in their report in 2014 that large seed companies would be unlikely to use open-source seeds, as patented seeds are more profitable. The OSSI Pledge - http://osseeds.org - " You have the freedom to use these OSSI-Pledged seeds in … While these efforts are ongoing, significant limitations to global germplasm exchange still challenge and limit their potential gains. The freedom to trial and study seed and to share or publish information about it. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is dedicated to maintaining fair and open access to plant genetic resources worldwide in order to ensure the availability of germplasm to farmers, gardeners, breeders, and communities of this and future generations. The Seed List of OSSI-Pledged varieties gives complete descriptions and photos for each OSSI-Pledged variety and links to every OSSI Partner Seed Company that carries each variety. )[6] influenced the development of OSSI. Tom Stearns was an early supporter and advisor to the OSSI founders. 53 talking about this. Get yours today. The freedom to save or grow seed for replanting or for any other purpose. An open source license is a tool … And they speculated that farmers may have trouble finding open-source seeds for sale. THE Open Source Seed INITIATIVE (OSSI) Seed marked with this logo are Open-Source-Pledged varieties. Use of the Pledge ensures the four open source seed freedoms for this and future generations, including: OSSI's mission bears some similarities to the mission of organizations such as Seed Savers Exchange, but it is different in that OSSI provides an explicit Pledge with its seeds that is designed to keep seeds free through the establishment of a protected commons. Meet the plant breeders, seed companies and others who are working to ensure the Four Seed Freedoms for this and future generations. [3] However by July, 2017, OSSI had over 375 varieties of more than 50 crops bred by 36 breeders and being sold by 46 seed company partners. They are organic cotton, very soft, and carry the OSSI logo on front and “Free the Seed!” on the back. [1] OSSI is a U.S. based not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization focusing on establishing a protected commons of open source varieties and on educational and outreach activities associated with the development of this open source seed commons and on seed rights and issues related to the control of seed. Would you like to make regular donations? In addition, it automatically extends the Pledge to new varieties developed from OSSI-Pledged parents. "You have the freedom to use these OSSI-Pledged seeds in any way you choose. Increasingly, patenting and restrictive contracts are used to enhance the power and control of these companies over the seeds and the farmers that feed the world. Page 5, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. The two key features of this license were 1) that GPLPG varieties were freely available for use in as a parent any breeding program and 2) that new varieties developed using one or more GPLPG parents must also be designated as GPLPG. OpenSourceSeeds will Saatgut wieder zu einem Gemeingut für Alle machen. Shopping Cart: 0 items: Navigation - Home - Place Your Order - My Account - About Us - Latest Additions - OSSI Varieties - Request Catalog - Articles OSSI thus creates a market for ethically produced, "freed seed" analogous to the markets for "fair trade" and "organic" products. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms , and getting them fulfilled in 2 to 4 business days. OSSI Partner Seed Companies sell OSSI-Pledged varieties, acknowledge the OSSI breeders in their variety descriptions, label OSSI-Pledged varieties with the OSSI logo, and include the Pledge and information about OSSI in their catalogs and on their websites. In April 2014, the OSSI released its first 36 open-source seed varieties.[4]. Patented and protected seeds cannot be saved, replanted, or shared by farmers and gardeners. You can purchase OSSI Pledged seeds from our Seed Company Partners. The Open Source Seed Initiative, inspired by “the free and open source software movement that has provided alternatives to proprietary software,” was created to ensure that some plant varieties and genes will remain free from intellectual property rights and available for plant breeders in perpetuity. In return, you pledge not to restrict others' use of these seeds or their derivatives by patents or other means, and to include this Pledge with any transfer of these seeds or their derivatives." The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is an organization that developed and maintains a mechanism through which plant breeders can designate the new crop varieties they have bred as open source.This mechanism is advanced as an alternative to patent-protected seeds sold by large agriculture companies such as Monsanto or DuPont. We greatly appreciate your support — it helps us to increase the number OSSI-Pledged varieties that are free of intellectual property restrictions now and into the future. Copyright Open Source Seed Initiative, All Right Reserved. One of the consequences of an increasing global awareness of the finite nature of crop genetic resources and the debate over ownership of these resources has been the establishment of gene banks and seed banks in many countries, notably Fowler's recent efforts to develop the Svalbard Global Seed Vault off the coast of Norway in the Arctic Svalbard Archipelago. If you prefer not to donate online, you can always send a check made out to the Open Source Seed Initiative, 1251 Sweetbriar Rd, Madison, WI 53705. Nov 19, 2020; VOLQ: How to Measure Nasdaq-100 Volatility. Kloppenburg's work explored global consequences of legal control over crop seeds during an era of heavy consolidation in the seed industry. Open-Source: Freiheit, die man schmeckt. How many times would you like this to recur? OSSI involves plant breeders and seed company partners in its mission. Building from these ideas, plant breeder Thomas Michaels proposed General Public License for Plant Germplasm (GPLPG) in 1999. OSSI has developed a relationship with Seed Savers Exchange. I wrote a story about the Open Source Seed Initiative for “Mother Earth News” late in 2015. Free the Seed! Are you a plant breeder, seed company, farmer, gardener, or interested eater who wants to join the Open Source Seed Community? OSSI is working to maintain fair and open access to plant genetic diversity worldwide and ensuring freedom to use these resources for farmers, gardeners, breeders, and communities of this and future generations. This mechanism is advanced as an alternative to patent-protected seeds sold by large agriculture companies such as Monsanto or DuPont. In response, an Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) has been launched in the United States to apply legal mechanisms drawn from the open source software movement to plant breeding. Release of OSSI varieties and current activity, Thirty-three Great Open-Source Organic-Adapted Vegetable Varieties, International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, "Fighting the seed monopoly: 'We want to make free seed a sort of meme, "The Open Source Seed Initiative: Let's Take Back Our Seeds", "Plant Breeders Release First 'Open Source Seeds, "Open-Source Seeds Fight Corporate Crop Control", "International Space Station Astronauts Look Forward To Today's First Taste Of Space Harvest", "Assessment and Accessibility of Phenotypic and Genotypic Diversity of Carrot (Daucus carota L. var. [2] Founders include Jack Koppenburg,[3] Irwin Goldman,[3] Claire Luby, Thomas Michaels, Frank Morton,[4] Jonathan Spero, Alejandro Argumedo, and Jahi Chappell. Members of the group are unhappy with the patenting of plant varieties, as they say the patenting of seeds restricts plant breeders' freedom and increases the power of large seed companies. The Open Source Seed Initiative is the first attempt to afford this protection, largely by employing the twin miracles of light and transparency. Visit our seed catalog for descriptions, photos, and sources for all OSSI-Pledged varieties. The Open Source Seed Initiative is a non-profit organization formed by a group of plant breeders, farmers, seed companies, and sustainability advocates who want to free the seed! The work of University of Wisconsin sociologist Jack Kloppenburg, particularly his book First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology, 1492-2000 (2nd ed. Any user can gain access to the germplasm and use it for any purpose, as long as they pledge not to restrict others' use of this same germplasm as well as to pass the Pledge along if they share or sell the germplasm. Even a small donation goes a long way! OSSI also places articles in magazines for gardeners and farmers during the seed ordering season so as to attract visitors to its website and channel those visitors to its seed company partners where they can buy the seed. Diversity: Start exploring hundreds of unique OSSI-pledged varieties. OSSI appears in The Sociology of Food and Agriculture[8] by Michael Carolan. Page 7, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. Agriculture and Biodiversity Community Building open source seed systems 2014 Centre for Sustainable Open source seeds are part of a new initiative that a number of colleagues have developed, beginning in about 2011. While many of the new varieties and germplasm sources we develop in our program at UW-Madison will be released through standard channels via licenses to seed industry partners, we began releasing a very small amount of germplasm through an open source framework in 2014. OSSI has also become a topic of academic research in both the biological and social sciences. OSSI was highlighted in Rachel Cernansky's piecem "How 'Open Source' Seed Producers from the US to India are Changing Global Food Production", originally published in Ensia magazine, and reprinted in many different outlets, including Vox and Global Voices. Operating under the radar, its mission was to reestablish free exchange by creating a reservoir of seed that couldn’t be patented—“a national park of germplasm,” Goldman called it. farmers, public breeders and small seed companies. The practical impact of the Open Source Seed Initiative on farmers and gardeners, however, may be limited. 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Right Reserved could be freely used for breeding new crop varieties. [ ]! 2014, the OSSI was founded in 2012 by a group of plant,...