Fritz believed that the Marañón contributed the most water of all the Amazon's tributaries, making it the most important headstream. The Amazon River begins in the Peruvian Andes and flows east until it ends at the Atlantic Ocean. The Amazon River in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and the disputed longest river in the world. In 1999-2000, a Czech scientific team lead by Bohumír Janský from the Charles University in Prague, linked to the opinion of Carlos Peñaherrera del Aguila, cooperated with him and named the Carhuasanta River the main source of the Amazon. 1, p. 141. The Amazon river runs 4,000 miles from the Andes to the sea, and is longer than any river but the Nile. Both of these rivers have been considered the main sources of the Amazon so far. The Amazon River is approximently 4,000 miles long from start to finish. The Amazon River is therefore the second longest river in the world. The forest widens from a 200-mile (320-km) front along the Atlantic to a belt 1,200 miles (1,900 km) wide where the lowlands meet the Andean foothills. Where does the Amazon River system start? Thus, a number of headstream areas of the Amazon River should be considered: Loureiro Dias, Camila (July 2012), "Jesuit Maps and Political Discourse: The Amazon River of Father Samuel Fritz". In 1996, Polish-born Jacek Palkiewicz and Peruvian Zaniel I. Novoa Goicochea refuted Lake McIntyre and identified a small spring beneath a cliff in the catchment of the Apacheta River near Nevado Choquecorao 15°31′16″S 71°45′40″W / 15.521°S 71.761°W / -15.521; -71.761, 5,182 metres (17,001 ft) [20] as the main source [21]. Fritz´s claim about the main source of the Amazon River was unchallenged for nearly 200 years. Other expeditions were led to this area. Check out these fun Amazon River facts for kids. 02 Nov, 2012 where does. (2011), "The Amazon River headstream area in the Cordillera Chila, Peru: hydrographical, hydrological and glaciological conditions," Hydrological Sciences Journal, Vol. Afterwards, Snow went down the Amazon River all the way to its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean. Running through the north of the rainforest is the Amazon River — a network of many hundreds of waterways that stretches 6,840km. This lake, named Lake McIntyre, later incorrectly appeared on some maps as "Laguna Bohemia". Otto Publishing, Praha, 248 pages. In the Ucayali basin there are the two farthest sources of the Amazon, the Apurímac and Mantaro Rivers.[4]. Their argument was that the Apacheta is larger and longer than the Carhuasanta. For much of its path, the Amazon River can be as much as one to six miles wide! However, this argument was later refuted. Actually, huge amounts of water fall on the Andes, but on the eastern slopes. Contos, James and Tripcevich, Nicholas (2014), "Correct Placement of the most distant stream of the Amazon River in the Mantaro River Drainage," Wiley Online Library,, p. 35, [1], accessed 17 Aug 2020, "Correct placement of the most distant source of the Amazon River in the Mantaro River drainage", "Pinpointing the sources and measuring the lengths of the principal rivers of the world", "Ucayali River | Description, Location, & Facts", http://en.palkiewicz.com/expeditions-travels/amazon-river-source-discovery/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Source_of_the_Amazon_River&oldid=993223664, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jacek Palkiewicz, Zaniel I. Novoa Goicochea, Bohumír Janský (Expedition Hatun Mayu 1999), Andrew Pietowski, Andrew Johnston (Amazon Sources 2000 Expedition National Geographic), Rio Lloqueta tributaries: Carhuasanta, Sillanque, Apacheta, Calomarco, Ccaccansa, Bohumír Janský (Czech-Peruvian expedition Hatun Mayu 2000), Nevado Mismi - headwaters territory with sources of Carhuasanta, Ccaccansa, Apacheta and Sillanque, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 13:13. At first, the channels are small and are called rills. In the late 19th century, an Italian-born Peruvian geographer and scientist Antonio Raimondi proposed that rather Nupe River, which he said was longer and more voluminous river than the Lauricocha River, is the main head stream.[10]. In other words, where are the headwaters or sources of the Amazon River system located? Countries: Brazil, Colombia and Peru. One might think that this massive river would have a thunderous beginning but it … Based on these outcomes, the Carhuasanta River is the longest and has the largest drainage area. The source of the River Thames is a spring. Due to the vast amount of water as well as sediment that are deposited where the Amazon River meets the … In fact, the Amazon River is responsible for about one-fifth (twenty percent) of the fresh water that flows into the world's oceans. Explorers and scientists have argued over where to locate … Find the perfect Amazon River stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. More than 3,700 kilometres (2,300 mi) from its mouth, upstream from the city of Iquitos, Peru, the Amazon divides into the Marañón and the Ucayali Rivers. #29 Best Value of 53 Amazon River Lodges. In 2014, James Contos and Nicholas Tripcevich came up with a finding that the most distant source of the Amazon is called the Mantaro River. The Amazon River is 4,000 miles long and is up to 6 miles wide in some areas. The Paraná River begins at the confluence of two rivers, the Paranaiba and the Rio Grande in the south of Brazil, and then runs approximately 385 miles southwest before exiting Brazil and entering Paraguay near the city of Saltos del Guairam, which was once home to the famous Guaira Falls that were flooded during construction of the Itaipu Dam in 1984. He pinpointed the source of the Marañón River as Lake Lauricocha in the high Western Andes [7][8]. During flood seasons, the Amazon River can be much, much wider; some report it is more than 20 miles wide (32 km) in certain places. In 1935, Lake Vilafro (15°12′11″S 71°52′48″W / 15.203°S 71.880°W / -15.203; -71.880, located at an altitude of 4,674 metres (15,335 ft)[14] was identified as the main source of the Amazon River. Fifteen million years ago, the Andes were formed by the collision of the South American plate with the Nazca plate. 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