During that time, the Alabama sunk three Union merchant ships near the Sunda Strait and the Java Sea. She was escorted by the French Navy ironclad Couronne,[1] whose mission was to ensure that the ensuing battle occurred outside the French harbor. The Confederate Navy vessel was crewed by about 170 men and armed with six 32-pound (15 kg) cannons, mounted broadside, three guns per side, and two heavy pivo… A second great naval battle occurred at Charleston, South Carolina, i… The most famous of these, a massive work exhibited at the 1876 Centennial Exposition, is in the collection of the Union League of Philadelphia. The Alabama … After five successful commerce raiding missions in the Atlantic Ocean, CSS Alabama turned into Cherbourg Harbor on June 11, 1864. Alabama fired the first shot, but Kearsarge was slightly faster, had more firepower, and was manned by a larger crew than Alabama, giving the Union the advantage. June 19, 1864, saw the most famous Confederate raider, the CSS Alabama, sent to the bottom of the ocean after a battle with the USS Kearsarge off the coast of Cherbourg, France. That cotton broker was Fraser, Trenholm & Co who was in fact the Confederacy's overseas bankers. Kearsarge had armor-clad, chain cable triced in tiers along her port and starboard midsections. Summary The map charts the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the British Channel off the coast of Cherbourg, France. The Civil War began early and ended late for John Grimball. The Battle of Cherbourg or the Sinking of CSS Alabama, was a single ship action fought during the American Civil War between a United States Navy warship, the USS Kearsarge, and a Confederate States Navy warship, the CSS Alabama, on June 19, 1864, off Cherbourg, France. After a brief three day stop in the Azores, the three says that it took to put on her armor, she steamed to Gibraltar to join the gunboat USS Chippewa in the blockade of the CSS Sumter which was also a Confederate commerce raider. The Battle of Cherbourg, or sometimes the Battle off Cherbourg or the Sinking of CSS Alabama, was a single-ship action fought during the American Civil War between a United States Navy warship, USS Kearsarge, and a Confederate States Navy warship, CSS Alabama, on June 19, 1864, off Cherbourg… She took more than 2,000 prisoners which she turned over to neutral ships or offloaded on neutral ports. Excellent article. Three men were wounded aboard the United States vessel, one of whom died the following day. American Civil War - American Civil War - The naval war: While the Federal armies actually stamped out Confederate land resistance, the increasingly effective Federal naval effort must not be overlooked. The gunnery of USS Kearsarge was reportedly more accurate than of the Confederates; she fired slowly with well-aimed shots, while Alabama fired rapidly. CSS Alabama fired a total of over 370 rounds during the fighting; it is not known how many Kearsarge fired, but it is known that she fired much less than the rebels did. After five successful commerce raiding missions in the Atlantic Ocean, CSS Alabama turned into Cherbourg Harbor on June 11, 1864. The second shot was again a 32-pounder that caused further damage to the chain armor, and broke a link of the chain armor. The 1861-1865 Civil War Naval Battles ClipArt gallery includes 90 illustrations of naval battles that were fought between the Union and Confederacy during the American Civil War. The Sinking of CSS Alabama during The Battle of Cherbourg, or the Battle off Cherbourg. Alabama was a blockade runner. On June 12, 1864, Kearsarge departed port in pursuit of the Confederate raider CSS Alabama.Kearsarge met Alabama off Cherbourg, France on June 19th and a fierce battle between the two ships ensued. Chart of the battle off Cherbourg. In June of 1864, an important episode in the American Civil War took place in international waters off the coast of Cherbourg, France. Yes, as strange as it sounds, the Captain and crew of the CSS Sumter ended up just abandoning her in December of 1862. October 7, 1864. The USS Kearsarge was actually a bit smaller and almost 3 knots slower than the CSS Alabama. Battle … Fought between April 30 and May 6th of 1863 near the village of Chancellorsville in Virginia, the Battle of Chancellorsville was a major engagement of the American Civil War. The CSS Alabama's Indian Ocean Expeditionary Raid was from September to November. August 23, 1864. The battle is remembered for the mortal injury to Stonewall Jackson and the great strategic victory for Confederate General Robert E. Lee. America’s Civil War became part of a much larger international crisis as European powers, happy to see the experiment in self-government fail in America’s “Great Republic,” took advantage of the situation to reclaim former colonies in the Caribbean and establish a European monarchy in Mexico. Captain Winslow would not allow this, though, so the Confederates got away and avoided imprisonment. The break for the Kearsarge came when a Union agent in France sent word of the whereabouts of the Alabama. Winslow & officers aboard the USS Kearsarge. Common Knowledge Events Battle of Cherbourg. Single-ship action fought during the American Civil War between a United States Navy warship, the USS Kearsarge, and a Confederate States Navy warship, the CSS Alabama, on June 19, 1864, off Cherbourg, France. Union Captain Winslow telegraphed USS St. Louis to request her assistance, but the fighting began before she could arrive. Led to the sinking of the Confederate raider CSS Alabama. Highhandedly was more successful than any other American ship. That action is also known as the Battle of Galveston when Confederate Major General John B. Magruder expelled occupying Union troops from Galveston. Congress Passes 13th Amendment, 150 Years Ago. American marine artist Xanthus Smith painted six versions of the naval battle. Loopholes being what they are when it comes to laws, English laws had loopholes no different than any other nation. Naval battles of the American Civil War. The USS Kearsarge left Portsmouth Navy Yard on February 5th, 1862, and immediate headed for the coast of Spain. Ehen it came to England's neutrality laws, their laws stated that a ship could be designed and built as an armed vessel as long as it didn't carry any armament guns until after it sailed into International waters. Category page. The Confederate Navy vessel was crewed by about 170 men and armed with six 32-pound (15 kg) cannons, one 110-pounder (50 kg) and one 68-pound (31 kg) gun. Kearsarge did not attack; instead she waited, initiating a blockade of CSS Alabama in Cherbourg Harbor, France. The Alabama worked that area venturing as far south as Bermuda. Both ships engaged each other at close range. The battle was over, so Captain Semmes sent his remaining dinghy to Captain Winslow, to ask for aid. The Battle of Cherbourg, or sometimes the Battle off Cherbourg or the Sinking of CSS Alabama, was a single ship action fought during the American Civil War between a United States Navy warship, the USS Kearsarge, and a Confederate States Navy warship, the CSS Alabama, on June 19, 1864, off Cherbourg, France. Another seventy or so were picked up by Kearsarge. Gebeurtenissen per omslag : Werken (2) Titels: Volgorde: American Civil War door Winston S. Churchill: 1864-06-19: The Blockade: Runners and Raiders door William C. Davis: 1864-06-19: Verwante evenementen. During the course of the American Civil War, three single ship actions were fought between Union cruisers and Confederate raiders: CSS Florida vs. USS Wachusett, CSS Alabama vs. USS Hatteras, and CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsarge. Coordinates: 49°45′9″N 1°41′42″W / 49.7525°N 1.695°W / 49.7525; -1.695, Naval battles of the American Civil War fought in foreign waters, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Union victories of the American Civil War, Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, List of ships of the Confederate States Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cherbourg_(1864)?oldid=4403812. Winslow, and the Confederate cruiser "Alabama," Capt. August 2, 1864. Following is the summary of the week’s war-related news from the July 16, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes the C.S.S. Battle of the USS Kearsarge and the CSS Alabama (1887 lithograph). On June 14, Kearsarge finally caught up with Alabama as she was receiving repairs. The CSS Alabama's South African Expeditionary Raid lasted from August to September of that same year. Though the battle itself was inconclusive… Kearsarge and Alabama made seven spiraling circles around each others' ship, moving southwest in water moving at a current of 3 knots. Create Both hits struck the chain armor at just above five feet over the waterline. The CSS Alabama's South Pacific Expeditionary Raid in December of 1863 was her final raiding expedition. The two warships maneuvered on opposite courses throughout the battle. The battle continued in this manner for several minutes; in the meantime, on the French Coast, hundreds of Cherbourg citizens watched the battle as it slowly drew closer to a Union victory. She made a 4,500 mile journey across the Indian Ocean, all while evading the Union gunboat USS Wyoming. Captain Semmes struck the Confederate colors, but still the Kearsarge continued firing until a white flag was seen, raised by one of the rebel sailors with his hand. Greatest Union naval victory of the war. Yes, Brazil. 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