PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — Maine wildlife officials are asking residents to take precautions to avoid unwanted confrontations with black bears. Recent studies indicate that bears lose about 25 percent of their body weight and 29 percent of their muscle strength during torpor. A total of between 85 and 110 radiocollared female bears are monitored each year in all three study areas combined. Most conflicts with bears can be prevented by removing common food attractants around homes. This may include advice on taking in bird feeders, handling outside trash, and how to prevent damage to agricultural crops. The information we use to assess the bear population and bear habitat is documented in a written bear management system (PDF) developed in1986, which contains criteria for decision-making and management options. If they know of any easy food source they will use it, but they generally travel at night to avoid detection. Because these cubs stay with their mother for 16 months and den with her the following winter, we can also determine how many cubs survive to one year of age (known as yearlings). This ingress of bears into southern Maine is associated with a gradual increase in the bear population, from less than 20,000 to more than 30,000 during that time. MAINE COAST SOLAR BARES is a non-profit and non-landed organization, registered with the State of Maine, founded to promote the social clothing optional lifestyle. Take a break and read about all of your favorite locations that made the Best of New England Hall of Fame. Black bears breed from May through August, with most breeding activity peaking in June and July. The program began as a study in 1975 when Roy Hugie in cooperation with the Department established 2 study areas consisting of 4 townships each - Spectacle Pond (20 miles West of Ashland) and Stacyville (near Patten). Black bears lead solitary lives, except for breeding pairs, family groups comprised of adult females and their offspring, and occasional aggregations at concentrated food sources. Radiocollars send out a signal revealing each bear's location in her den as she hibernates under the winter snow. [1] However, that doesn't mean they won't enter towns and neighborhoods. Black bear management is a balancing act between maintaining a healthy and abundant population for all to enjoy, and limiting the growth of the bear population so that bear nuisance problems do not cross the line of public tolerance. In the spring, it takes about two weeks after rousing from torpor for bears to return to normal activity levels. Therefore, conflicts between bears and farmers, beekeepers and orchardists, and rural residents in the State can occur. This study area was established to address a longstanding need to better represent a portion of Maine's bear population in eastern Maine living under habitat conditions not well represented by the other 2 existing study areas. Supporters of the me… Black bears are found in most forested areas from Mexico north to the edge of the tree line in Canada and Alaska. Maine Black Bear. Summary of black bear permit numbers in Maine. This setting should only be used on your home or work computer. 3. Bears store body fat during the fall months to supply energy during their long winter denning period, and are heaviest in late fall. 236 likes. Maine Blind Bears. The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (MDIFW) is charged with managing Maine's abundant wildlife resources. However, if they do survive and can avoid the other main cause of death — 90 percent of adult black bear mortality is due to hunting and other human activities — they can live to about 30 years old in the wild. The Maine Black Bears football program is the intercollegiate American football team for the University of Maine located in the U.S. state of Maine. Nearly 50 percent of cubs don’t survive their first year, often due to starvation. Nutrition plays a major role in determining the number of cubs that are produced, and cub survival through their first year. When beechnuts were the primary fall food for bears in northern Maine, most cubs were born in odd-numbered years in response to alternating years of high beechnut crops. In late summer and fall, black bears forage widely to build fat. 1. We are a growing team of visually impaired hockey players... you read that right! This assessment (PDF) provides the scientific basis for management goals. The black bear is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States. The Maine Black Bears are the athletic teams that represent the University of Maine.A member of the America East Conference, the University of Maine sponsors teams in eight men's and nine women's NCAA sanctioned sports.The men's and women's ice hockey teams are members of Hockey East, and the football team is an associate member of the Colonial Athletic Association Because males often damage their ears while fighting, we also tattoo their inner lip for a permanent mark. After the spring bear hunt in Ontario was closed in 1999, non-resident hunters became more interested in hunting black bears in Maine. The annual bag limit is 2 bears per year with one taken by either hunting or trapping or both. Periodic trapping efforts are necessary to maintain a representative sample of bears in each study area. Maine is blessed with a healthy, stable population of black bear, conservatively estimated at 35,000. About 30,000 black bears (Ursus americanus) live in New England. 2. Maine has 69,050 km2 of bear habitat, consisting of mostly second-growth conifer-deciduous forest that provides an ample supply of bear foods (berries, nuts, fruits, and carrion). Bears are compact, with stocky legs, small eyes, short, rounded ears, short curved claws, and a short, inconspicuous tail. Throughout the summer, males travel over large areas to enhance their chances for encountering mates. Beginning in 1990, a bear hunting permit has been required to hunt bears in September and October. They’re really quite shy, and usually amble away before you ever see them. The team competes in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) and are members of the Colonial Athletic Association. Maine is home to the largest population of black bears in the lower 48 states. Cubs weigh about 12 ounces at birth, and depend on their mother for warmth and nutrition during the remainder of the winter. Bears are long-lived animals, capable of surviving 30 years in the wild. 4. 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