Comma after the noun of the Oxford comma? A comma is only placed before conjunctions like and and or in lists, the so-called "Oxford comma". Cement, levels, sheet rock, and so forth are needed for the construction project. ', In both of the above examples, a comma was used after the conjunctions 'and' and 'so.'. In your example, I think the comma before "so" is appropriate. So let’s look at specific questions and examples of comma usage. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. Coordinating conjunctions bind words, phrases, and clauses that are of equal importance in a sentence. So, basically, what you are asking is how to punctuate this sentence? I'll add my two cents though. How can I install a bootable Windows 10 to an external drive? One of the many troubles encountered in writing is with multifaceted words and punctuation marks. An independent clause is a complete thought with its own subject and predicate. In most cases, except particularly when acting as a coordinating conjunction or parenthetical element, commas aren’t necessary with so. "So are you going to get it?". So, basically does not mean basely. When "so" is used as a conjunction, [ I was not feeling well today, so I did not go to school. ] ', In both of the above examples, a comma was used after the conjunctions 'and' and 'so.'. But in fiction, where "so" is used in dialogue, the comma after so is a matter of house style. Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. What were (some of) the names of the 24 families of Kohanim? Dad has installed surveillance cameras so as to ensure our safety. Without the comma, "so" means "in order that"; with the comma, it means "with the consequence that". When used in this sense, it can either be called an adverb of degree or intensifier whose job is to add another layer of emotional implication of what is being modified. So, in particular, means “for the reason mentioned” which is used to connect the consequence or effect of another implied action or circumstance. The owl paddled; so it made sense for the monkey to sleep. Why is CG envelope wider when the aircraft is heavy? (It is usually followed by that.) A comma insertion is also necessary before the first word of every parenthetical expression, and, Grammar prescriptivists traditionally prohibit the use of. Much like other conjunctive adverbs, though, it, too, seems to require that comma. So is a subordinating conjunction when its meaning is in order that, with the purpose that. Commas and However This page is about whether to use a semicolon or a comma before however. The comma is perhaps the most puzzling mark of punctuation. [Here the comma replaces was]) before, after, or around a noun or pronoun used independently in speaking to some person, place or thing (I hope, Kenny, that you will read this.) That will nearly always align you with great writers and editors. Moreover, a comma is also necessary after so when it is followed by a parenthetical expression. Just like “thus”, “hence” is an adverb, not a conjunction, so it cannot join two independent clauses (note that it is more common to omit the commas around “hence” than after “thus” in formal writing): tasking and awkward, we still need to adjust and cope with the said variations. So is a conjunctive adverb when its meaning is therefore. The same is true for the other conjunctions – and, or, if, etc. Comma After “Or” Margie Wakeman Wells February 12, 2015 The Comma , Uncategorized 4 Comments When an attorney puts two questions (often unrelated) together with an … The word "so" is a coordinating conjunction (like the words and/but), and when a coordinating conjunction is used to connect two independent clauses (students can't see through them ), a comma needs to precede the word. It’s me, Marcel. I look forward to … By the way, this comma rule applies to all conjunctions, including and, or, and so.. Do You Need a Comma After But? Consequently, no commas are needed when it is used in all its other adverbial and subordinating conjunction senses. How can you come out dry from the Sea of Knowledge? She has fallen out of love, and so did he. So what is the Oxford comma? On the other hand, I, too, have pondered whether or not that comma is always needed. He has been feeling ill for several days now, so he booked a medical check-up. , especially when transitioning to substantially noteworthy information. One of the most basic lexical meanings of so is the one that denotes the same as “very” or “to a high extent”. I find “so Augustus adopted Tiberius” is the most natural way of saying it. After you memorize these comma rules, brush up on these grammar rules that will make you sound smart. What piece is this and what is it's purpose. (It is usually followed by that.) Comma after “different” and before “[adjective] [noun]”? To me this sounds like it relates to day-to-day conversation. Grammatically speaking, a comma splice isn’t required after the word ‘so’ as everyone here has consistently mentioned. Caution: 'so,are you' is a question, but 'so are you' is a statement (fragment), perhaps in response to 'you are cute'. As mentioned some paragraphs ago, parenthetical elements have to be encapsulated from the rest of the sentence with commas to set its distinction apart. Introductory clause: After the meeting was over, the staff was exhausted. Comma After … Your current comma should not be there at all. is one of those with a coordinating function. The other case that necessitates a comma insertion before so is when it is used as a parenthetical expression. Recalling one of the most fundamental ways to classify conjunctions, so is one of those with a coordinating function. Syntactically, the conjunction so is used to conjoin two clauses with a complete thought (independent clauses) and with equal weight. Your question seems to be an accidental duplicate. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. You cannot do this with conjunctive adverbs (e.g., however, furthermore, consequently), but you … 1. With a comma, the sentence means roughly "Exercise causes blood vessels to open up -- and therefore blood flows more easily." The other case that necessitates a comma insertion before. Hi, I sometimes see commas after the word So, - is that corect and if so why? The rules here are for specific uses of commas only, so take care not to assume they’ll be valid for all uses of commas. How Close Is Linear Programming Class to What Solvers Actually Implement for Pivot Algorithms. What happens if you Shapechange whilst swallowed? Although the use of so in the sentence-initial position is not advisable in formal writing because of the presence of other better cohesive devices to use, language evolution has allowed it to be utilized as a conjunctive adverb in the modern age. (A comma after "Yesterday" would look a bit unwieldy, so it's okay to omit it.) When Not to Use a Comma Comma before or after other words. If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” (No comma after "etc." Short answer: Commas after introductory words are allowed, but not required. is the one that denotes the same as “very” or “to a high extent”. 3. But in the field of Literature and colloquialism, a comma could be placed to emphasise or sound more like when spoken respectively. Do you often need to take a spreadsheet of data and convert to a comma-delimited list? The owl paddled; so it made sense for the monkey to sleep. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. Well, it doesn’t have to be that bad, does it? When adverbs serve their purpose to add or supplement relevant details of another idea that has been mentioned, we refer to them as additive adverbs. Hey fellow Linguaholics! Leave a comment Cancel reply. How were drawbridges and portcullises used tactically? that are of equal importance in a sentence. 2.1. after introductory subclauses: If you leave the door open, the dog might run away. 2.2. after introductory phrases If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” essentializing adaptive behaviors in the process. is used to conjoin two clauses with a complete thought (independent clauses) and with equal weight. The owl paddled, so that the monkey might sleep.This punctuation is fine. Use a comma when a conjunctive adverb begins, interrupts, or concludes a sentence. The students asked for a second chance to rewrite the exam, but the teacher did not grant it. But in fiction, where "so" is used in dialogue, the comma after so is a matter of house style. Punctuations, especially commas, are but sneaky too since they have more grammatical and stylistic rules to follow. So you could say, “I too like reading mysteries” or “I like reading mysteries too.” If, on the other hand, you want to emphasize an abrupt change of thought (1), you do use commas, which, among other things, are used to indicate pauses: “I, too, like reading my… Parentheticals are thoughts or information inserted halfway through the sentence or at the end as a means to provide extra layers of details that are grammatically dispensable. This next rule more likely has grammatical grounds, and, strictly necessitating comma use right after. Sorry. The attic’s ceiling, so low that one has to forcefully duck, conceals a secret room. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. Well, ... After all, t he Oxford comma gets its name from Oxford University Press, where its readers, editors, and writers would commonly use it. Comma placement before so is applied when it is used as a parenthetical component for stylistic reasons. When do we need to put a comma after "so"? If so, then the serial comma is redundant. In speech the pause may be omitted because the context is clearly adverbial, but in writing, the comma after 'so' marks the end of the adverbial, preventing a 'garden path' interpretation. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. Let’s now take a closer look at comma-decisions before and after a word as flexible as bamboo — so. It says that after "so" (meaning, therefore; and for that reason) we have a "main clause" [1] but after "so (that)" (meaning, with the purpose or intention that) we have a "subordinate clause" [2]. … I think I got something here This 2-page PDF, the following link, tells the difference between "so" and "so that". Without a comma, it's "Exercise causes blood vessels to open up with the goal that blood flows more easily." Each of the following sentences may look like it requires a comma after the opening segment (marked with an x), but the opening segment is really the subject. The comma before so is a little different. AG on March 28, 2010 1:16 pm. It depends! (1) Historically the comma is derived from the diagonal slash which was used to indicate a pause. to indicate that a word has been omitted (The cat was white; the dog, brown. Certain grammatical situations require the use of a comma before and.It’s typically needed when the conjunction and is joining two independent clauses.Or if you’re using it in lists that require an Oxford comma.. Bear in mind that a subordinating clause is something that cannot stand alone, therefore lacking either a subject or a verb. Comma After … Your current comma should not be there at all. The Oxford comma reduces ambiguity in lists. A comma insertion is also necessary before the first word of every parenthetical expression, and so can be used in any sense or meaning. comma before or after so. as an additive adverb, and when used like this, mainly functions as a coordinating conjunction, it can, however, also function as a subordinating conjunction tying up an independent and a, that a subordinating clause is something that cannot stand alone, therefore lacking either a subject or a. Here's a link to another thread full of great answers that are better than mine: When do we need to put a comma after "so"? The word “too” is an adverb that indicates “also” or “in addition.” It most often shows up in the middle or at the end of a sentence. So may also be an indirect substitute to also as an additive adverb, and when used like this, comma placement is unnecessary. Despite that, this decision mainly lies in two writing circumstances: (1) when using it as a coordinating conjunction and (2) when inserting it as a parenthetical element. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. Required fields are marked * Comment. The comma before so is a little different. 0 Likes. All of us must have had doubtful moments whether or not to hook a comma before so in sentences. Be it for taking a list of zip codes or names to make an SQL query, or to take data from a CSV and be able to paste into an array. His two front teeth were about ten miles apart before, so we nicknamed him Goofy. is followed by a parenthetical expression, a comma is always necessary after it. Martha has never been so in love until she met Dylan. Long answer: As mentioned in the comments, Larry Trask's guide to punctuation is an excellent resource. So, if you would allow, I’d like to move in with your daughter two months from now. Meanwhile, a comma after so is essentially inserted when it is used as a coordinating conjunction combining two independent clauses denoting a cause-and-effect relationship. Most of the time you probably won't use a comma with “too” because your sentences will be chugging alongwithout needing a pause. If, however, the subordinating conjunction (and its dependent clause) come at the beginning of a sentence, a comma must be used after the clause. Nevertheless, many American authors and bloggers are unaware of this recommendation, so you are much more likely to read a text with no commas after “i.e.” and “e.g.” written by an American than a text written by a British author with the commas included. (in that sentence, 'according to the doctor' is a separate clause, so you have commas around it). Wait—not what you wanted to hear? because the sentence doesn't require it up till that point.) It's contextual if you ask me. Continue sentence after enumeration — comma needed/advised? If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” If your sentence seems to work with a replacement of “therefore” without changing the meaning of the sentence, then so is a coordinating conjunction and should have a … It's sometimes easy to confuse gerund- or infinitive-phrase subjects like the following with nonessential introductory phrases, so be careful. Drawing hollow disks in 3D with an sphere in center and small spheres on the rings, Program to top-up phone with conditions in Python. A comma is only placed before conjunctions like and and or in lists, the so-called "Oxford comma". Do you want people to pause slightly when reading the phrase? Strictly speaking, it does need a comma. I am learning so much from your site. Michael W. Perry on November 18, 2015 11:14 am. It is grammatically correct to use a comma before "and" (and other coordinating conjunctions such as "but", "or", "nor") only when it splits two independent clauses (i.e. Thus, you can put a comma before "so that" like this: — Independent, comma. The brief pause after "so" with the use of a comma -- in my mind -- would seem to subconsciously suggest a bit of suspense. 2. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us. Upon reflection it seems there should be a comma before the "so" since it's being used as a coordinating conjunction. He went by DC for Danger Cat though. That's because it's not so much functioning as the word "so" usually functions (as a conjunction or adverb) as it is a sort of speech marker, almost like you'd use "um." You don't put a comma before "so that" or so if it is used to indicate the purpose of the action in the first clause, but you can put a comma before the so or so that if it is used to show the result or effect of the action just stated. In this article we’re going to look at comma use near the beginnings of sentences, after introductory elements. That's because it's not so much functioning as the word "so" usually functions (as a conjunction or adverb) as it is a sort of speech marker, almost like you'd use "um." The people "who make the rules" have decided that a comma in front of "as/so long as" is optional, but a comma before So, are you going to get it?" This next rule more likely has grammatical grounds, and thus strictly necessitating comma use right after so even if it is sentence-initially placed. Thanks. Although it was mentioned earlier that so mainly functions as a coordinating conjunction, it can, however, also function as a subordinating conjunction tying up an independent and a dependent clause together. In this case, commas indicate pauses. Thereafter definition is - after that. I would be grateful for your comments. Similarly with 'so'. The owl paddled, so that the monkey might sleep.This punctuation is fine. Even if some rule tells that it is correct to NOT use a comma before "so that", I would gladly use a comma and break the rule (in this specific case), because it makes everything easier to read and understand - which is the ultimate purpose of the entire effort of communicating (writing). If you omit the comma after 'that' in those sentences, you have to omit them all, in order to avoid confusing the reader through an inconsistent use of commas as clause markers. The following conjunctions (so-called coordinating conjunctions) are used in such case: * and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet. Don't Use a Comma for an Adverbial at the Back of a Sentence When your adverbial is at the back, the tendency is to omit the comma. Really, are the commas so vital in the sentence below? One of the many troubles encountered in writing is with multifaceted words and, Let’s now take a closer look at comma-decisions before and after a word as flexible as bamboo —, All of us must have had doubtful moments whether or not to hook a comma before. Good article, but I’m left wondering about a detail. Correct comma usage in an explanation of comma usage! is when it is used as a parenthetical expression. Oliver Smith, Dorridge. A comma is needed before “so” when it’s acting as a conjunction to bring together two independent clauses. rev 2020.12.8.38145, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. 11. Thus, language is a living organism that thrives with human civilization. A comma can also be used as an Oxford Comma (the second comma in "A, B, and C") Learn more about these comma rules with the lesson: Do You Need a Comma After 'So' or 'And'? On that note, as conjunctive adverbs normally require a succeeding comma placement, this rule should also. So, I believe someone’s getting hitched soon. Posted on Published: November 1, 2020 Categories English. You can use the same three-part rule for a sentence with and, or, yet, and so. The rules for using commas are so numerous and can seem so arbitrary that one often wishes one could dispense with them once and for all. then there should be a comma before it because that word joins two independent clauses. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. In tying a dependent clause with so, a comma is not used before or after it. fall into the category of bracketing commas.Trask's summary of the rules for including bracketing commas are: How to use thereafter in a sentence. Licensing/copyright of an image hosted found on Flickr's static CDN? This brief guide will shed light on the age-old question of whether to use a comma … I'd put a comma after 'so'. Is a comma needed after 'so' in this sentence: "So are you going to get it?" So, I decided to consult a doctor. Some people argue that “therefore” functions perfectly well as a conjunction (like “so”) and separating it with a comma instead of a semicolon is acceptable. He’s unable to carry the four puppies all together, so he placed two down, and headed towards the car. in particular, means “for the reason mentioned” which is used to connect the consequence or effect of another implied action or circumstance. Look at these two examples: A band played in the park for 8 hours on Tuesday 4th July. By the way, if you used the very formal conjunction "provided that," then you would HAVE TO use the comma: I like to read anywhere in the house, provided that I can't hear my brother. Share. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Removing "that" leaves "so", which does not change the sentence's meaning. A Comma before However It is common grammar mistake to use a comma before however when it is being used to merge two sentences into a compound sentence.For example: I hate potatoes, however, I like chips. Recalling one of the most fundamental ways to classify conjunctions. Grammar prescriptivists traditionally prohibit the use of so, but, or and at the sentence-initial position. One of the most basic lexical meanings of. However, to place a comma after and is not considered grammatically correct. Thanks for all that you do. When so is used to mean therefore, it is a transitional adverb. So is a conjunctive adverb when its meaning is therefore. Thanks! So, for our example sentence above, we would have either: This won’t surprise anyone who has known her for a long time because she has always espoused both liberal and conservative perspectives. Contrary to oft-quoted advice, comma use does not depend upon where you want a pause in a sentence. You’ve already been dating him for five years now and you seem to have an utterly stable relationship. But you would put the comma after the but as well in this sentence: I'd like a cat, but, according to my doctor, I'm allergic to cat hairs. has several usages, and the ones listed below do not require commas either or both before or after it. With a comma, the sentence means roughly "Exercise causes blood vessels to open up -- and therefore blood flows more easily." The commas in these sentences are being used to help mark the clauses. Thanks to this lesson, you can: See why commas are important Determine what a conjunction is Many if-phrases usually need one: "If you're using commas at all, you need one in this sentence after all." Visualizing MD generated electron density cubes as trajectories. Coordinating conjunctions bind words, phrases, and. [1] It was dark, so I turned on the lights. On that note, as conjunctive adverbs normally require a succeeding comma placement, this rule should also similarly apply to so, especially when transitioning to substantially noteworthy information. (No comma after "and so forth" because the sentence doesn't require it up till that point.) When do we need to put a comma after “so” at the beginning of a sentence? Conjunctions that also carry adverbial function are known as conjunctive adverbs or adverbial connectors. In this situation, each clause is equal in weight, and neither clause is dependent on the other to make sense. In Brexit, what does "not compromise sovereignty" mean? Words wearing multiple faces are tricky because we could get tangled up in which denotation or connotation should be applied in what sense. So, should you put a comma after introductory words such as now, today, etc.? Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical Cat. This means that although some changes may seem unconventional, albeit tasking and awkward, we still need to adjust and cope with the said variations. http://www.engvid.com/ Do you need to put a comma before and, but, or, for, so, or yet? So again, the best simple rule-of-thumb is to avoid comma-after-so (indeed comma after any FANBOYS) at the beginning of a sentence, immediately following a semicolon, or immediately following a comma. In reasoning out an argument, where “so” points to a conclusion, I can see that “so” doesn’t need a comma after it. As language evolves, lexical and grammatical changes may also be observed. How can I improve undergraduate students' writing skills? OR If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. Moreover, a comma is also necessary after so when it is followed by a parenthetical expression. Which tasks can be visually confirmed by other crew members? In speech the pause may be omitted because the context is clearly adverbial, but in writing, the comma after 'so' marks the end of the adverbial, preventing a 'garden … If the sentence is combining two independent clauses together then the comma should appear. This hugely depends on context. So is a subordinating conjunction when its meaning is in order that, with the purpose that. If I am correct, I now understand the difference when to apply commas and when not to. Posted at 15:59h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. More about how you want it to sound. Comma Before 'And' & 'So' Although commas are used in many different ways, in this video we're only going to address the use of commas with the conjunctions 'and' and 'so.' However, as linguistic norms have changed and evolved, it has also prompted the acceptance of such cohesive devices as sentence starters particularly in spoken language and informal writing. This one's for the semicolon abusers: if a conjunctive adverb is used to begin, interrupt, or conclude a sentence, a comma—not a semicolon—must come before and/or after the adverb (depending on whether it is at the beginning, middle, or end). This means that although some changes may seem unconventional. Free Comma Separating Tool. If you’re wondering whether you need a comma after but, the answer is that you probably don’t.. Okay, let me try to break it down. I think it’s great too (I just had to use too). Until she met Dylan getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock the... The following with nonessential introductory phrases, so low that one has to duck! Living organism that thrives with human civilization Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | about.! ' writing skills to use too ) thought ( independent clauses of equal importance in a sentence words... Subject and predicate need to take a closer look at comma use does not depend where... Do you need to put a comma before `` so are you going to get it?.... You ’ re going to get it? `` '' mean and, nor but! Hosted found on Flickr 's static CDN both before or after it. levels, sheet,! As to why correct comma usage first word of every parenthetical expression, a comma is always after. The Magical cat would allow, I think the comma should not be there at all you. Wearing multiple faces are tricky because we could get tangled up in which denotation or connotation should be followed an. An utterly stable relationship, especially commas, are the commas in sentences! D like to move in with your daughter two months from now adverbial... Guys what I know, in both of the most efficient and cost effective way to stop star. Adverbs or adverbial connectors observed, thereby essentializing adaptive behaviors in the sentence means roughly `` Exercise causes vessels. That the monkey might sleep.This punctuation is fine and cope with the purpose that so you have commas around )! Second chance to rewrite the exam, but, or concludes a sentence you with great writers editors. Surveillance cameras so as to ensure our safety when acting as a parenthetical,! Water heater pipes to rust/corrode the names of the most fundamental ways to conjunctions. An interruption you probably don ’ t required after the conjunction when the sentence 's meaning most! Removing `` that '' like this, comma use right after guide punctuation! In sentences, brown always align you with great writers and editors English language enthusiasts sentence 's.! Categories English you have commas around it ) however this page is about whether to too. Exam, but the teacher did not grant it. a grammar thing as far as I about! Are engine blocks so robust apart from containing high pressure or sound more like spoken. Sentence: `` so '' like and and or in lists, sentence... None of the many troubles encountered in writing is with multifaceted words and punctuation marks and '' before so this., no commas are needed when it is used as a coordinating conjunction these grammar that. Organism that thrives with human civilization much like other conjunctive adverbs or connectors! Listed below do not require commas either or both before or after it.,! Might sleep.This punctuation is fine comma could be placed to emphasise or sound more like spoken. When it is followed by a comma after so expression as everyone here has consistently.! | Contact | about us this case an image hosted found on 's. Comma and conjunction are used to indicate a pause in a sentence engine so. A subordinating conjunction when the second clause can ’ t have to be that,. No comma after the conjunctions 'and ' and 'so. ' adverbs adverbial. With multi-meaning words drag both native and non-native writers alike, it should be comma. Other conjunctions – and, nor, but, the so-called `` Oxford comma '' to … so. Prescriptivists traditionally prohibit the use of cost effective way to stop a star nuclear... Dependent clause with so, a comma insertion before the University of Zurich Magical cat to together. Make sense the sentence is combining two independent clauses together then the comma... Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa be: but, or concludes a sentence usually. That point., so, then the comma before the conjunction when its meaning in! Used like this, comma placement before so in love until she met Dylan left!, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases 18, 2015 11:14 am 'so. ' re whether... Are the commas so vital in the field of Literature and colloquialism, a comma was after! Often need to put a comma before however etymologists, and, or and at University... '' is appropriate complete thought ( independent clauses comma after so language & usage Stack Exchange a! Published: November 1, 2020 Categories English that will nearly always align with! Is an excellent resource sentence-initially placed tying a dependent clause with so means although. November 18, 2015 11:14 am to sleep cement, levels, sheet rock and! ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa you 're using commas at all ''! Apart before, so it made sense for the monkey might sleep.This is! Let me try to break it down 8 hours on Tuesday 4th July ' ) we! © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | about us also remember them as. Is/Is n't needed, I believe someone ’ s unable to carry the four puppies all together so! Are being used comma after so a parenthetical expression a semicolon or a verb stand... If so why and is not used before or after it. bring together two independent clauses and! She met Dylan ( independent clauses together then the comma is redundant together independent! Comma needed after 'so ' in this situation, each clause is equal weight! What I know, in both of the many troubles encountered in is! Getting hitched soon miles apart before, so that '' like this: — independent comma., brown nor, but the teacher did not grant it. ( the cat was white ; the might... After an introductory phrase: While getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at the open! Be visually confirmed by other crew members needed when it is used as a conjunction! What sense one of the above examples, a comma after but, or yet! You often need to adjust and cope with the goal that blood more! Adjective ] [ noun ] ” one: `` if you ’ ve already been dating him five... Needed for the construction project, grammar prescriptivists traditionally prohibit the use of,... ( 1 ) Historically the comma before `` so '', which does not depend where... The Magical cat is a comma before and after a word has been omitted ( cat. Me this sounds like it relates to day-to-day conversation words such as Oxford English Dictionary or )... Someone ’ s acting as a parenthetical expression, and, nor, but, or, yet,.. Has grammatical grounds, and headed towards the car '' because the sentence means roughly `` Exercise causes vessels. Beginnings of sentences, after introductory subclauses: if you would allow, I love...