Ability of the case definition to detect all cases of the disease targeted for surveillance. 2. Among the nearly 140 national emergency powers Congress has delegated to the president, some are particularly dramatic. Mathematical attempt to extend the findings of a mortality study to a population and/or period that was not represented by the sample (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). A    A communicable disease surveillance and response system designed to detect as early as possible any departure from the usual or normally-observed frequency or phenomenon. Activities and measures taken in advance to ensure effective response to the impact of hazards, including the issuance of timely and effective early warnings and the temporary evacuation of people and property from threatened locations (ISDR) 2. Unpredictability (Oxford Pocket Dictionary, 1992). In political science, ‘failing state’ means a state which is not able to maintain internal security. Proportion of surveillance reports (or forms) received irrespective of when the reports were submitted. A "state of emergency" demands to "be declared" or imposed by somebody in authority, who, at a certain moment, will also lift it. Study of a situation which may require improvement. Join thousands receiving the latest content and insights on health and safety industry. Coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-2019), Coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-19) », Glossary of Humanitarian Terms - ReliefWeb. In order to implement policies, any number of programmes and projects may be developed. T    Y    4. 3. 2. A complex emergency, as defined by the IASC, is “a humanitarian crisis in a country, region or society where there is total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which requires an international response that goes beyond the mandate or capacity of any single and/or ongoing UN country programme” (Oxford Pocket Dictionary, 1992). The dictionary definition of an impact is an "effect of influence" and of assessment is the "estimation of size, quality, value" (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). All types of aid (project and non-project) to one country. Privacy Policy Case definitions can be based on clinical, laboratory, epidemiological, or combined clinical and laboratory criteria. Ability of the case definition to identify real cases or the proportion of true cases of the disease that meet the case definition. To be ready or available to act (dictionary). Variable that helps to measure change, directly or indirectly (Tafwik A.M.Khoja, 2002). Survival bias always results in an under-estimation of mortality (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). It occurs when high and/or very clustered mortality persists for a long period. The proportion of cases of a given disease that result in death. Healthcare Emergency Colour Codes Hospitals are required to develop an emergency procedures manual which covers the a range of emergencies. Estimated population at risk at the middle point of the recall period. A systematic and impartial examination of humanitarian action intended to draw lessons to improve policy and practice and enhance accountability (ALNAP). A combination of procedures, methods and tools by which a policy, programme or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). Ability of the surveillance system to adapt to changing needs, incorporate new diseases, leave out less important diseases, change reporting frequency, change or modify data source. The term refers to the steps you take to make sure you are safe before, during and after an emergency or natural disaster. Assistance can be divided into three categories based on the degree of contact with the stricken population: 1. 3. An evaluation of the probability of occurrence and the magnitude of the consequences of any given hazard, i.e. A quantitative or qualitative variable that allows the verification of changes (OECD-DAC/RBM, 2000). A national emergency often affects access to health care services and the health care system’s ability to respond to the public’s health needs. What is the difference between occupational health and occupational safety? The plan should address ways to prevent injury and loss of life. Fraction of all deaths due to a specific cause (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). Support or argument for a cause, policy, etc (Oxford Pocket Dictionary, 1992) 3. Emergency response plans are a critical component of workplace safety. Time of danger or greater difficulty, decisive turning point (Oxford Pocket Dictionary, 1992). 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