Materials: • Reconstruction PowerPoint • Copies of Thaddeus Stevens and Andrew Johnson Documents • Copies of Radical Reconstruction Guiding Questions Plan of Instruction: 1. Congress decided to begin Reconstruction... “The Man with the (Carpet) Bags,” cartoon by Thomas Nast depicting a common Southern attitude toward Northerners during Reconstruction, 1872. What was the major reason the Radical Republicans opposed President Abraham Lincoln's Reconstruction plan? But the Radicals felt that extraordinary times called for direct intervention in state affairs and laws designed to protect the emancipated blacks. Materials: • Reconstruction PowerPoint • Copies of Thaddeus Stevens and Andrew Johnson Documents • Copies of Radical Reconstruction Guiding Questions Plan of Instruction: 1. Another common debate … They joined with the Radicals to overturn Johnson's Civil Rights Act veto. After this lesson, students will be able to: 1. explain the Reconstruction process 2. discuss the conflict of the Reconstruction process 3. distinguish between primary and secondary source documents He vetoed the Freedmen's Bureau Bill, claiming that it would bloat the size of government. After long and acrimonious quarrels between Radical and moderate Republicans, the party leaders finally produced a compromise plan in the First Reconstruction Act of 1867. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. b. After Johnson violated the Tenure of Office Act by dismissing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, the House of Representatives voted to impeach him, but he escaped removal from office by the Senate by a single vote in 1868, though he had lost most of his power. Congress then turned its attention to amending the Constitution. Radical Reconstruction Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why was the Radical Republican plan for Reconstruction considered “radical”? SURVEY . However, those economic programs spawned corruption and rising taxes, which alienated more and more white voters. He vetoed the Civil Rights Bill rejecting that blacks have the "same rights of property and person" as whites. During this era, Congress passed three constitutional amendments that protected the rights of freedmen. Along with their more moderate Republicanallies, they gained control of the House of Representatives andthe Senate and thus gained sufficient power to override any potentialvetoes by President Andrew Johnson. Revenge—a desire among some to punish the South for causing the war and a belief that the Southern states had, in fact, seceded and were conquered territory. Deciding to begin Reconstruction anew, Congress passed the First Reconstruction Act of March 2, 1867, over Johnson’s veto. Eventually, Lincoln’s reconstruction plan was abandoned when the Radical Republicans gained control of congress in 1866. African American political leaders (including individuals who had been free before the Civil War, artisans, Civil War veterans, and formerly enslaved ministers) advocated for the elimination of the racial caste system and the economic uplift of the formerly enslaved individuals. This is Handout 7.4 (p. 124) of The Reconstruction Era and the Fragility of Democracy. In 1871 the Grant administration launched a legal and military offensive that destroyed the Klan. They believed that the U.S. Congress, not the president, should control Reconstruction. He was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1836 and began to practi… The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 divided the South into five military districts and outlined how new governments, based on manhood suffrage without regard to race, were…, …second, more stringent program for reconstructing the South. Woods considers the scorched earth school of architecture hierarchical. President Johnson believed that even though Southern states had seceded from and made war against the Union, they never gave up their right to govern themselves. Under Lincolns reconstruction plan, he wanted more than just to provide a place for the former slaves to settle. answer choices . A third clause barred ex-Confederates from holding state or national office. PERIOD: 2 DATE: 8/26/2019 RADICAL REPUBLICANS & RECONSTRUCTION Increasingly, the new Southern governments looked to Washington, D.C., for assistance. The Ku Klux Klan, an organization that opposed African-Americans was combated by Grant. a. Origins of Reconstruction. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The second part of the Amendment provided for a reduction of a state's representatives if suffrage was denied. Now the Southern Unionists — Southerners who supported the Union during the War — became the new Southern leadership. The reconstruction took place in three phases namely the Presidential reconstruction of 1863-1866, Radical reconstruction of 1866-1873 and the redemption of 1873-1877. In the hope of creating a “New South” whose economic growth would benefit both blacks and whites, the governments also made available considerable funding for railroads and other enterprises. Under their power, the south was divided into military districts, in which new local governments were established, mostly consisting of African Americans as well as some politicians from the north. The plan demanded payments from the South that would have damaged its economy. Although the Civil War appeared … Unlike the Radical Republicans who were in Congress during Reconstruction, the Moderate Republicans. D. believed that too much change would create more conflict. The Republicans set forth new rules and policies that would ensure blacks the same political rights as white men after the Civil War. They wanted the former rebellious states to be punished and for former slaves to be protected and empowered. All of the former Confederate states had been readmitted to the Union by 1870. Radical Republican Reconstruction Plan. Radical Republicans Win in the End . In 1867 they approved the far-reaching Fourteenth Amendment, which prohibited "states from abridging equality before the law." Presidential "Restoration," or Andrew Johnson's Plan for Reconstruction. Free from white control, African Americans were able to solidify their family ties and to create independent religious institutions that would become centres of community life that survived long after the end of Reconstruction. In his view they would retain this right so long as they respected the 13th Amendment, which banned slavery, paid off war debts and swore loyalty to the Union. Republicans, in essence, offered the South a choice — accept black enfranchisement or lose congressional representation. We explain three different types of Republicans found in America during Civil War Reconstruction: moderate, conservative, and radical Republicans.Lincoln, the first Republican President, was a moderate Republican like Ulysses S. Grant. The Radical Republicans believed blacks were entitled to the same political rights and opportunities as whites. Johnson's plan also called for loyalty from ten percent of the men who had voted in the 1860 election. Johnson's plan wasn't as willing to give as much freedom to newly free slaves as Lincolns was. This phase is called Radical, or Congressional, Reconstruction, because it was led by the Radical Republicans in Congress. 2. The war wasn't finished yet. Emboldened by the work of the Fourteenth Amendment and by local political victories in the 1866 elections, the Republicans went on to introduce the Reconstruction Act of 1867. View Copy of 1.3_ Radical Republicans and Reconstruction -- USH.docx from HISTORY n/a at East River High. 2. Copyright ©2008-2020 ushistory.org, owned by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942. Tags: Question 3 . After The Civil War, the process of rebuilding the country began. Reconstruction Plans. Thus began Radical Reconstruction, which lasted until the demise of the last Republican-led Southern governments in 1877. After sweeping the elections of 1866,the Radical Republicans gained almost complete controlover policymaking in Congress. The state gained the right to decide local matters. By December 1864, the Lincoln plan of Reconstruction had been enacted in Louisiana and the legislature sent two senators and five representatives to take their seats in Washington. Expanded and clarified in three supplementary Reconstruction acts, this legislation swept away the regimes the president had…, …Southern white underground resistance to. This politicalascension, which occurred in early 1867, markedthe beginning of Radical Reconstruction (also knownas Congressional Reconstruction). He became Secretary of State . a. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Moreover, Lincoln’s plan left political power essentially in the hands of the same Southerners who had led their states to secede from the Union. Several amendment to the constitution were passed that gave African … In 1867 the Radicals passed the Reconstruction Act, which divided the South into five military districts, mandated universal male suffrage and forced Southern states to ratify the 14th Amendment to be readmitted to … They also believed that the Confederate leaders should be punished for their roles in the Civil War. Radical Republicans believed that Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction was not harsh enough because, from their point of view, the South was guilty of starting the war and deserved to be punished as such. It was written by Senator Benjamin Wade and Representative Henry Winter Davis. Despite the Radical program, however, white control over Southern state governments was gradually restored. Radical Reconstruction ... Then, within the next few months, the Congress proceeded to work out a plan for the reconstruction of the South quite different from … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Radical Republicans believed that blacks were entitled to live in equality amongst their white neighbors. Between 1865-1870 three constitutional amendments, also called the Reconstruction Amendments, were passed. Congress approved the Fifteenth Amendment, prohibiting states from restricting the right to vote because of race, and then enacted a series of Force Acts authorizing national action to suppress political violence. Which plan for Reconstruction do you think was more effective in reintegrating the South into the Union? 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