• Solving the primal problem, moving through solutions (simplex tableaus) that are dual feasible but primal unfeasible. Problem (1) has come to be called the primal. Click on the "Pivot" button to perform the pivot operation. Expression solver calculator The following expression solver calculator will evaluate math expressions with +, − , * ,and / signs. Hungarian method, dual simplex, matrix games, potential method, traveling salesman problem, dynamic programming The Simplex algorithm is a popular method for numerical solution of the linear programming problem. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and to show you relevant advertising. Free Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus, Geometry, Statistics and Chemistry calculators step-by-step This is just a method that allows us to rewrite the problem and use the Simplex Method, as … Solving the traveling salesman problem using the branch and bound method. At this stage, no calculations are needed, just transfer the values ​​from the preliminary stage to the corresponding table cells: We calculate the value of the objective function by elementwise multiplying the column Cb by the column P, adding the results of the products. For the results of the calculations of the previous iteration, we remove the variable from the basis x8 and put in her place x2. Click on the "Find pivot" button to locate the pivot element. However, this Simplex algorithm does not exploit sparsity in the model. Finding the optimal solution to the linear programming problem by the simplex method. Hungarian method, dual simplex, matrix games, potential method, traveling salesman problem, dynamic programming The algorithm solves a problem accurately within finitely many steps, ascertains its insolubility or a lack of bounds. Next, you need to get rid of inequalities, for which we introduce compensating variables in the left-hand side of the inequalities. There are many ways to write the code, so there are many equivalents to those requirements. Determine the dual problem. Calculate: Define and solve a problem by using Solver / Example of a Solver evaluation . Clicking "Calculate" we see the answer is: Volume of Solution 2 Needed 5. Inputs Simply enter your linear programming problem as follows 1) Select if the problem is maximization or minimization 2) Enter the cost vector in the space provided, ie in boxes labeled with the Ci. Therefore, in the basis we introduce the variable with the smallest negative estimate. Just enter your numerical expression in the big box right beneath the "calculate" and "clear" button and hit the calculate button Learn more Thus, we have observed that, by solving (2), we can determine the shadow prices of (1) directly. In case of dual problem, these values are the optimal values of dual variables w 1 and w 2. P1 = (P1 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * P3) / x3,6 = ((245 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 140)) / 0.4 = 350; P2 = (P2 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * P3) / x3,6 = ((225 * 0.4) - (0 * 140)) / 0.4 = 225; P4 = (P4 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * P3) / x3,6 = ((75 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 140)) / 0.4 = 250; P5 = (P5 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * P3) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 140)) / 0.4 = 0; x1,1 = ((x1,1 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,1)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 1)) / 0.4 = 0.75; x1,2 = ((x1,2 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,2)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x1,3 = ((x1,3 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,3)) / x3,6 = ((1 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 0)) / 0.4 = 1; x1,4 = ((x1,4 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,4)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x1,5 = ((x1,5 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,5)) / x3,6 = ((-0.4 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 0.2)) / 0.4 = -0.25; x1,6 = ((x1,6 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,6)) / x3,6 = ((-0.3 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x1,8 = ((x1,8 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,8)) / x3,6 = ((0.3 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * -0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x1,9 = ((x1,9 * x3,6) - (x1,6 * x3,9)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.3 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,1 = ((x2,1 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,1)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 1)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,2 = ((x2,2 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,2)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,3 = ((x2,3 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,3)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,4 = ((x2,4 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,4)) / x3,6 = ((1 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 1; x2,5 = ((x2,5 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,5)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0.2)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,6 = ((x2,6 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,6)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,8 = ((x2,8 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,8)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * -0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x2,9 = ((x2,9 * x3,6) - (x2,6 * x3,9)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x4,1 = ((x4,1 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,1)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 1)) / 0.4 = 1.25; x4,2 = ((x4,2 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,2)) / x3,6 = ((1 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 0)) / 0.4 = 1; x4,3 = ((x4,3 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,3)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x4,4 = ((x4,4 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,4)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x4,5 = ((x4,5 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,5)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 0.2)) / 0.4 = 0.25; x4,6 = ((x4,6 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,6)) / x3,6 = ((-0.5 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x4,8 = ((x4,8 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,8)) / x3,6 = ((0.5 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * -0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x4,9 = ((x4,9 * x3,6) - (x4,6 * x3,9)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (-0.5 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,1 = ((x5,1 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,1)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 1)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,2 = ((x5,2 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,2)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,3 = ((x5,3 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,3)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,4 = ((x5,4 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,4)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,5 = ((x5,5 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,5)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0.2)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,6 = ((x5,6 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,6)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * 0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,8 = ((x5,8 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,8)) / x3,6 = ((0 * 0.4) - (0 * -0.4)) / 0.4 = 0; x5,9 = ((x5,9 * x3,6) - (x5,6 * x3,9)) / x3,6 = ((1 * 0.4) - (0 * 0)) / 0.4 = 1; Maxx1 = ((Cb1 * x1,1) + (Cb2 * x2,1) + (Cb3 * x3,1) + (Cb4 * x4,1) + (Cb5 * x5,1) ) - kx1 = ((0 * 0.75) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 2.5) + (4 * 1.25) + (-M * 0) ) - 3 = 2; Maxx5 = ((Cb1 * x1,5) + (Cb2 * x2,5) + (Cb3 * x3,5) + (Cb4 * x4,5) + (Cb5 * x5,5) ) - kx5 = ((0 * -0.25) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 0.5) + (4 * 0.25) + (-M * 0) ) - 0 = 1; Maxx6 = ((Cb1 * x1,6) + (Cb2 * x2,6) + (Cb3 * x3,6) + (Cb4 * x4,6) + (Cb5 * x5,6) ) - kx6 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 1) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 0) ) - 0 = 0; Maxx8 = ((Cb1 * x1,8) + (Cb2 * x2,8) + (Cb3 * x3,8) + (Cb4 * x4,8) + (Cb5 * x5,8) ) - kx8 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (0 * -1) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 0) ) - -M = M; Since there are no negative values ​​among the estimates of the controlled variables, the current table has an optimal solution. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and to show you relevant advertising. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. Set up initial Simplex table for the dual problem. We transfer the row with the resolving element from the previous table into the current table, elementwise dividing its values ​​into the resolving element: The remaining empty cells, except for the row of estimates and the column Q, are calculated using the rectangle method, relative to the resolving element: P1 = (P1 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * P4) / x4,2 = ((600 * 2) - (1 * 150)) / 2 = 525; P2 = (P2 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * P4) / x4,2 = ((225 * 2) - (0 * 150)) / 2 = 225; P3 = (P3 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * P4) / x4,2 = ((1000 * 2) - (4 * 150)) / 2 = 700; P5 = (P5 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * P4) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 150)) / 2 = 0; x1,1 = ((x1,1 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,1)) / x4,2 = ((2 * 2) - (1 * 0)) / 2 = 2; x1,2 = ((x1,2 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,2)) / x4,2 = ((1 * 2) - (1 * 2)) / 2 = 0; x1,4 = ((x1,4 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,4)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (1 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x1,5 = ((x1,5 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,5)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (1 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x1,6 = ((x1,6 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,6)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (1 * -1)) / 2 = 0.5; x1,7 = ((x1,7 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,7)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (1 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x1,8 = ((x1,8 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,8)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (1 * 1)) / 2 = -0.5; x1,9 = ((x1,9 * x4,2) - (x1,2 * x4,9)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (1 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x2,1 = ((x2,1 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,1)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x2,2 = ((x2,2 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,2)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 2)) / 2 = 0; x2,4 = ((x2,4 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,4)) / x4,2 = ((1 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 1; x2,5 = ((x2,5 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,5)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x2,6 = ((x2,6 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,6)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * -1)) / 2 = 0; x2,7 = ((x2,7 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,7)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x2,8 = ((x2,8 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,8)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 1)) / 2 = 0; x2,9 = ((x2,9 * x4,2) - (x2,2 * x4,9)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x3,1 = ((x3,1 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,1)) / x4,2 = ((5 * 2) - (4 * 0)) / 2 = 5; x3,2 = ((x3,2 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,2)) / x4,2 = ((4 * 2) - (4 * 2)) / 2 = 0; x3,4 = ((x3,4 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,4)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (4 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x3,5 = ((x3,5 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,5)) / x4,2 = ((1 * 2) - (4 * 0)) / 2 = 1; x3,6 = ((x3,6 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,6)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (4 * -1)) / 2 = 2; x3,7 = ((x3,7 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,7)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (4 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x3,8 = ((x3,8 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,8)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (4 * 1)) / 2 = -2; x3,9 = ((x3,9 * x4,2) - (x3,2 * x4,9)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (4 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x5,1 = ((x5,1 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,1)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x5,2 = ((x5,2 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,2)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 2)) / 2 = 0; x5,4 = ((x5,4 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,4)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x5,5 = ((x5,5 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,5)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 0; x5,6 = ((x5,6 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,6)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * -1)) / 2 = 0; x5,7 = ((x5,7 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,7)) / x4,2 = ((-1 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = -1; x5,8 = ((x5,8 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,8)) / x4,2 = ((0 * 2) - (0 * 1)) / 2 = 0; x5,9 = ((x5,9 * x4,2) - (x5,2 * x4,9)) / x4,2 = ((1 * 2) - (0 * 0)) / 2 = 1; Maxx1 = ((Cb1 * x1,1) + (Cb2 * x2,1) + (Cb3 * x3,1) + (Cb4 * x4,1) + (Cb5 * x5,1) ) - kx1 = ((0 * 2) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 5) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 0) ) - 3 = -3; Maxx2 = ((Cb1 * x1,2) + (Cb2 * x2,2) + (Cb3 * x3,2) + (Cb4 * x4,2) + (Cb5 * x5,2) ) - kx2 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (4 * 1) + (-M * 0) ) - 4 = 0; Maxx3 = ((Cb1 * x1,3) + (Cb2 * x2,3) + (Cb3 * x3,3) + (Cb4 * x4,3) + (Cb5 * x5,3) ) - kx3 = ((0 * 1) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 0) ) - 0 = 0; Maxx4 = ((Cb1 * x1,4) + (Cb2 * x2,4) + (Cb3 * x3,4) + (Cb4 * x4,4) + (Cb5 * x5,4) ) - kx4 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 1) + (0 * 0) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 0) ) - 0 = 0; Maxx5 = ((Cb1 * x1,5) + (Cb2 * x2,5) + (Cb3 * x3,5) + (Cb4 * x4,5) + (Cb5 * x5,5) ) - kx5 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 1) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 0) ) - 0 = 0; Maxx6 = ((Cb1 * x1,6) + (Cb2 * x2,6) + (Cb3 * x3,6) + (Cb4 * x4,6) + (Cb5 * x5,6) ) - kx6 = ((0 * 0.5) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 2) + (4 * -0.5) + (-M * 0) ) - 0 = -2; Maxx7 = ((Cb1 * x1,7) + (Cb2 * x2,7) + (Cb3 * x3,7) + (Cb4 * x4,7) + (Cb5 * x5,7) ) - kx7 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (4 * 0) + (-M * -1) ) - 0 = M; Maxx8 = ((Cb1 * x1,8) + (Cb2 * x2,8) + (Cb3 * x3,8) + (Cb4 * x4,8) + (Cb5 * x5,8) ) - kx8 = ((0 * -0.5) + (0 * 0) + (0 * -2) + (4 * 0.5) + (-M * 0) ) - -M = M+2; Maxx9 = ((Cb1 * x1,9) + (Cb2 * x2,9) + (Cb3 * x3,9) + (Cb4 * x4,9) + (Cb5 * x5,9) ) - kx9 = ((0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (0 * 0) + (4 * 0) + (-M * 1) ) - -M = 0; For the results of the calculations of the previous iteration, we remove the variable from the basis x5 and put in her place x1. 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