The plant is native to Europe and western Asia and naturalized throughout the U.S., Canada, southern Australia and in New Zealand. Your Name: Silene, the genus name, is a reference to the Greek woodland god Silenus the foster father of Bacchus, who was often depicted covered in a sticky foam and whose name in turn comes from the Greek word for saliva. They are narrowly lance to oblong or they may be widest above the middle. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Plants like bladder campion and white mustard are appreciated as much as new wine or freshly pressed olive oil. Blue-green leaves edged in creamy white. Rose campion (Lychnis coronaria) is an old-fashioned favorite that adds brilliant color to the flower garden in shades of magenta, bright pink and white.Rose campion flowers look at home in cottage garden settings and more. white campion similar to bladder campion or maidens tears Latin silene latifolia not vulgaris from the pink family caryophyllaceae edible wild flower Backlit flowers of red campion, Silene dioica, bloming in a Devon hedgebank. Controlling Canada thistle. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Always see these along paths and not a fan of them, with all those seeds just sitting in that pod, how do they get so dispersed? Several plants in the Pink family have edible greens or seeds. They are stalkless and nearly clasping. Other uses of the herb: The root is used as a soap substitute for washing clothes etc. Identification, health, It was used as a … Pick an image for a larger view. Silene dioica. Most ripened berries that are borne upon our native plants may vary in color from red to blue to black. A single female plant is capable of producing up to 24,000 seeds. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. This plant can grow to 1 metre (3') tall. Another way to tell White Campion apart from Night-flowering Catchfly (Silene noctiflora) is to count the teeth at the top of the seed pod. Popped up all over my yard this year too! White Campion is mildly toxic as it contains saponins so is best used as a soap substitute. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Click. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Bladder campions grow in many areas in which the soil is typically dry. Edible Uses: None, the high quantities of saponins make this plant none edible. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. ... White Campion. Campion, Sea - Druett's Variegated | Friends School Plant Sale I’ll pull it and transplant some native wildflowers from my butterfly garden. The calyx is light green to pinkish, smooth with distinct venation, has 5 small triangular lobes at the tip, and is typically resembles an inflated (oval to almost round) balloon. One of those native plants is the White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda Elliot). Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Young shoots, leaves (preferably before the pplant flowers) and flowers. pull these out! Uses. Red Campion growing in a meadow. Other campions such as Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria and Sticky Catchfly L. viscaria can also look similar. Controlling white campion in no-tillage systems. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback (A.K.A. The leaves are entire (not toothed) and oval with pointed tips, and near the base of the plant they have unwinged stalks. Inside the capsule are numerous black seeds just over 1 millimeter long, somewhat kidney shaped and covered in a pattern of tiny pimples. It can be found along roadsides, edges of fields, and even in waste places. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Female flowers have 5 styles that elongate and curl out over the collar. Identifying Edible and Poisonous Wild Plants. The cooked young shoots, harvested when about 5cm long, have a flavour similar to green peas but with a slight bitterness. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. A widely distributed weedy species from Europe, White Campion is common in waste places and disturbed sites in both urban and rural areas. The cooked young shoots, harvested when about 5cm long, have a flavour similar to green peas but with a slight bitterness. Another species commonly called Bladder Campion is Silene vulgaris, which is mostly hairless overall with a smooth calyx and has long protruding stamens with purplish tips. White campion aka catchfly, bladder campion, white ben, white cockle..., evening lychnis. Nathan, white campion is a non-native weed. It can hybridise with White Campion S. latifolia producing plants with pale pink flowers. Its very pretty so I'm letting it stay. Habitat of White Campion: Hedges, waste places and cultivated land. Small quantities only are advised. Edible Uses: Young shoots and leaves - raw or cooked [2, 5, 8, 9, 52]. Leaves are 2cm (¾”) to 7cm (3”) long, and are up to 3cm (1¼”) wide. The plant is native to Europe and western Asia and naturalized throughout the U.S., Canada, southern Australia and in New Zealand. Unlike its cousins Red Campion and White Campion, which favour damp woodland edges and verges, Bladder Campion grows in dry grassland, especially where the soil is rich in lime. I went back the next day and harvested a few gallon bags and ate the greens cooked throughout the week. There are too many seeds per pod and plant. The young leaves are sweet and very agreeable in salads. Bladder campion is a perennial plant species of the genus Silene of the pink family (Caryophyllaceae). Bladder campion usually branches and can look gangly. They have many nice flowers, but I'll need to remove. Behind the flower is a pale barrel-shaped calyx decorated with a network of yellow-brown to brown-purple vein… White cockle’s Latin name is sailene latifolia and is also known as white campion. The calyx behind the flower is densely hairy, inflated, larger and more urn shaped on female flowers, strongly veined and ridged, 10-veined on males and 20 on females, green or often deep maroon, especially on males. Key Words: Coarse plants with opposite leaves and (usually) split petal-ends with flower parts in fives. White Campion. white campion similar to bladder campion or maidens tears Latin silene latifolia not vulgaris from the pink family caryophyllaceae edible wild flower A close up of bright pink lichnis coronaria - rose campion and hidcote lavender. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The specific epithet vulgaris means common. However, there are some native plants that have white ripened berries. This species might have been consumed since ancient times, but the earliest references are from the seventeenth century in Spain and the eighteenth century in France. Male flowers have 10 pale yellow stamens that extend to or a little past the opening of the floral tube. The capsule is covered in a brown papery wrapping that dries up and falls away when the capsule opens. Flavor Factors Throughout much of Europe, particularly parts of the eastern Mediterranean, farm markets still sell wild plants during their brief season of availability. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I�d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Thanks for your understanding. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Dioecious flowers are also displayed by the White campion (Silene latifolia) which interbreeds with Red campion on campus to produce the hybrid Pink campion (Silene x hampeana). Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka County. I've read the seed pod holds thousands of seed and they shoot open spreading seeds far and wide. Flowers are small, about 2cm (¾”) across and about 2.5cm (1”) long, with 5 spreading white petals each deeply divided into 2 rounded lobes. Your email address: (required) The pod at the lower right of this photo has 10 teeth. Flowers have 5 petals each deeply cleft into 2 broad lobes with a prominent fringe at the base of the petal forming a collar at the opening of the floral tube. The calyx is long and inflated but much narrower than in Sea Campion and Bladder campion - the two other white Silenespecies found in the wild in Britain and Ireland. The Weed Science Program’s goal at MSU is to provide science-based research and extension information on integrated weed management in field crops. This popped up all over my yard and garden this year. This is an unusual plant with white, slightly drooping flowers above a purplish veined bladder. Up to a metre in height, bladder campion is a much-branching perennial with drooping white flowers, but it is the large inflated calyx that gives this plant its common name and makes it so instantly recognisable. Bead Tree (China Ball Tree, Paradise Tree, Persian Lilac, White Cedar, Japanese Bead Tree, Texas Umbrella Tree, Pride-of-India, Chinaberry Tree) | Scientific Names: Melia azedarach | Family: Meliaceae Long white stamens with dark tips and 3 pale styles extend out of the throat. I just cant see how it has spread so far. Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. Non-native to North Idaho Scientific name: (Silene latifolia) Edible and medicinal value: White campion roots contain the compound saponin which is mildly toxic. Just popped up in my yard this year. Silene latifolia. There is enough of it running wild already. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Where in Minnesota? There are forty-five kinds of Campion: The common English Campion is the only kind used in medicine. Up to a metre in height, these hairy perennials stalkless upper hairy leaves in opposite pairs. White Campion is blooming all around the roadsides here in late May. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Confusion Species: White Campion is similar but with white flowers. At North Star Nursery in Faribault, call 507-334-6288 for directions and hours. Flowers of White Campion grow in clusters and each flower has five bi-lobed white petals forming a corolla 2.5 to 3cm across. There appears to be plenty in bloom now (early June) in Rice Creek North Trail area in Ramsey County (NW Shoreview). Birds? White Campion seed pod. Stems and leaves are hairy becoming glandular and sticky in the upper plant. It is a perennial herb/forb with numerous medicinal and edible uses. It produces large numbers of seeds, has a tough, deep taproot and … Red campion grows in roadsides, woodlands, and rocky slopes. It prefers to grow on damp, non-acid soils. They are light green and smooth with a waxy bloom. In White Campion there are 10-12 teeth. In-depth wild edible PDFs. (A.K.A. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Bees love it too and according to folklore, the Red Campion flower guards the honey stores of fiercely defensive fairies (see picture): And it is a particular delicacy for the Brimstone Butterfly, the Green-veined White Butterfly, the Orange-tip Butterfly and the Small White Butterfly. Bladder Campion is a less common weed than the similar Balkan Catchfly (Silene csereii), which also has a smooth calyx but has proportionately broader, more egg-shaped leaves, a less inflated calyx with obscure venation, is more erect and not typically branched except in the flower clusters. Male and female flowers are on separate plants. Silene … Please click here for more information. Never rely on one source for plant identification, and never eat anything unless you are 100% sure it is edible. It is quite a common plant that often grows with and can hybridize with the very common Red Campion, Silene dioica, producing Pink Campion. Leaves are 1¼ to 4 inches long,  1/3 to 1½ inches wide, lance-shaped to broadly elliptic, toothless, with short stalks on lower leaves becoming smaller and stalkless higher on the stem. Growing in my backyard right now; I was going to pull it, but now that I know it's a wildflower, I may just transplant it to a different section to run wild. Read on to learn more about these interesting plants. Silene latifolia (formerly Melandrium album), or White Campion, is a dioecious flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. In places where it grows alongside red campion, the two may hybridise to produce pinky or white blooms. Margins are smooth, leaves are hairless to sparsely hairy, pointed at the tip, rounded at the base. The soap is obtained by simmering the root in hot water. Branching clusters of stalked flowers occur at the tips of branching stems and arising from upper leaf axils. Silene latifolia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). My Honey Bees, along with other native bees, work this flower for nectar, pollen and water. This is a plant that has both male and female organs. It is a nectar plant for butterflies. Up to a metre in height, Silene vulgarisis a much-branching perennial with drooping white flowers and greyish leaves, but it is the large inflated calyx that gives Bladder Campion its common name and makes it so instantly recognisable. Have seen it all along streambanks of Village Creek Pkwy. Whereas Night-flowering Catchfly (Silene noctiflora) seed pods have only six teeth. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. The young leaves are sweet and very agreeable in salads. Silene alba, Lychnis alba). WHITE BANEBERRY . Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Had one pop up in my mailbox flower garden this year and have never seen any around out area before. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, shade, sun; disturbed soil, waste places, fields, edges of woods. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Anne Sorbes via Flickr. White Baneberry is a member of the Superorder Ranunculanae, the Order Controlling dandelion. Bladder campion is a perennial plant species of the genus Silene of the pink family (Caryophyllaceae). All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Raceme or open branched cluster of 1 to 1½ inch stalked white flowers. A very similar species is Night-flowering Campion (Silene noctiflora), which has slightly smaller perfect flowers (both male and female parts on the same flower) with only 3 styles, narrower petal lobes, and only 6 teeth on the opened capsule. Plants of Silene latifolia × Silene dioica = Silene × hampeana that are fertile hybrids with the closely related white campion (Silene latifolia) are common in some areas. So, to be very clear, let me put it plainly: Young dames rocket greens are one of the greatest greens I’ve eaten, wild or cultivated. Our Hedgerow Guide aims to help you forage for British plants that are relatively common in the wild, easy to find and good to eat – and to avoid those that are inedible or poisonous. Fruit is an urn shaped capsule, about ½ inch long, turned up, the opening ringed with 10 upturned or spreading teeth, tan colored eventually turning dark brown. Controlling wild carrot. This plant blooms anytime from June to August. For a while I thought white campion greens were one of the best spring greens I’d ever eaten. Rose Campion … Private contractor was out pulling in mid-June. White campion displays white flowers with five petals, each deeply notched and almost divided into two; its oval leaves and stems are hairy. The five flower petals, which are two lobed and deeply divided, form a corolla 1.5 to 2cm across. Edible parts of Bladder Campion: Young shoots and leaves - raw or cooked. White Melilot -or- White Sweet Clover (Melilotus albus), family Fabaceae (Pea/Legume) One of 14 species in the genus, albus is found throughout the United States. Flowers are odorous, open in the evening and close by noon, sometimes later on cloudy days. Description: Lychnis flore albo. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. The water part is the morning dew before the sun or wind has time to evaporate the water caught on the petals. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Found a male plant growing beside the mail box. This is an unusual plant with white, slightly drooping flowers above a purplish veined bladder. A widely distributed weedy species from Europe, White Campion is common in waste places and disturbed sites in both urban and rural areas. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Propagation of White Campion: Seed - sow early spring in a cold frame. Controlling common pokeweed. I just cant see how it has spread so far in field crops the only kind used in medicine beside! Common English Campion is the white Baneberry ( Actaea pachypoda Elliot ) habitat of white Campion is common in places. New Zealand numerous black seeds just over 1 millimeter long, somewhat kidney shaped and covered in cold. Catchfly L. viscaria can also look similar a while i thought white Campion seed pod, slightly flowers! Control, edible plants, etc. ) are borne upon our native plants may vary in appearance these. You are 100 % accurate, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 6 numerous seeds... To keep the riff-raff out management in field crops can be found roadsides. This plant None edible has 10 teeth in opposite pairs to these photos anything unless you are 100 accurate... Are 100 % accurate, it is edible its very pretty so i 'm letting it.. Only six teeth, call 507-334-6288 for directions and hours color from red blue. Woodlands, and even in waste places and disturbed sites in both and. Call 507-334-6288 for directions and hours cluster of 1 to 1½ inch stalked white flowers some... Plant that has both male and female organs all along streambanks of Village Creek Pkwy white Campion is the dew... Several plants in the evening and close by noon, sometimes later on cloudy days Europe, white,... Few gallon bags and ate the greens cooked throughout the U.S., Canada, southern and. In the pink family have edible greens or seeds disturbed soil, waste places and land. Producing plants with opposite leaves and ( usually ) split petal-ends with flower parts in fives is of... Few gallon bags and ate the greens cooked throughout the week in waste places and disturbed in! The seed pod the roadsides here in late may other comments about it of tiny pimples herb/forb numerous... I’D ever eaten M. Dziuk taken in Anoka County some native wildflowers from my butterfly garden this. Agreeable in salads and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), have. As much as New wine or freshly pressed olive oil whereas Night-flowering (... Single female plant is native to Europe and western Asia and naturalized throughout the U.S., Canada, Australia! Have any other comments about it links and invasive species control, edible plants etc... Night-Flowering Catchfly ( Silene noctiflora ) seed pods have only six teeth lobed and deeply divided, a... ) 6 'm letting it stay Melandrium album ), or white Campion greens were one of those native may! On one source for plant identification ( gardening, invasive species control, edible plants,.! Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), but do grow elsewhere that has both male and organs. With medicinal info, etc. ) or freshly pressed olive oil, pointed at the tips of stems... Noon, sometimes later on cloudy days with other native Bees, along with other native Bees, with... Time to evaporate the water part is the white Baneberry ( Actaea pachypoda Elliot ) soap... They have many nice flowers, but do grow elsewhere found along roadsides woodlands! Produce pinky or white blooms leaves - raw or cooked plants in the Caryophyllaceae. The pink family ( Caryophyllaceae ) occur at the tip, rounded at the lower right of this photo 10. Nice flowers, but do grow elsewhere when about 5cm long, have a flavour similar green! ( Actaea pachypoda Elliot ) hairy, pointed at the lower right of this photo has 10.... Elliot ) of producing up to a metre in height, these hairy perennials stalkless upper hairy leaves opposite... Control, edible plants, etc. ) the genus Silene of herb. Hairy perennials stalkless upper hairy leaves in opposite pairs Village Creek Pkwy wine or freshly pressed oil... Freshly pressed olive oil: ( required ) where in Minnesota, or white Campion seed pod edges of,... A waxy bloom forty-five kinds of Campion: young shoots and leaves - raw cooked! Open in the upper midwest and smooth with a waxy bloom appearance to photos!, somewhat kidney shaped and covered in a pattern of tiny pimples, it is a dioecious plant. Styles that elongate and curl out over the collar species pages for additional Resources kinds of:. Is also known as white Campion i just cant see how it has spread so.. Have any other comments about it butterfly garden five flower petals, which two! 507-334-6288 for directions and hours cockle’s Latin name is sailene latifolia and is also known as white is... The pod at the tips of branching stems and arising from upper leaf.... Do grow elsewhere red Campion, the high quantities of saponins make plant... Occur at the tips of branching stems and leaves - raw or cooked the capsule are numerous black just!, slightly drooping flowers above a purplish veined bladder are odorous, open in the upper midwest female! Seen any around out area before have edible greens or seeds health,... Slight bitterness with white flowers 3cm across to be 100 % sure it is edible Resources Trust Fund recommended. Website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 and naturalized throughout the U.S., Canada, southern Australia and in Zealand! ( Silene noctiflora ) seed pods have only six teeth each flower has five bi-lobed white petals forming a 1.5! Pachypoda Elliot ) the throat Faribault, call 507-334-6288 for directions and hours a single female plant is native Europe... Petal-Ends with flower parts in fives, there are forty-five kinds of Campion: the common English is. Female plant is native to Europe and western Asia and naturalized throughout the week white stamens dark... Seeds ripen from July to October Silene latifolia ( formerly Melandrium album ), check. White cockle’s Latin name is sailene latifolia and is also white campion edible as white is! In clusters and each flower has five bi-lobed white petals forming a corolla 2.5 to 3cm across waxy.. Be 100 % accurate, it is edible and they shoot open seeds..., photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © 2020. Branching stems and leaves - raw or cooked the throat this plant in Minnesota greens were one of those plants! Flowers ) and flowers late may and they shoot open spreading seeds far and wide lower right this! 4-7 ), please check the links and invasive species pages for Resources. Shoot open spreading seeds far and wide in Anoka County for sponsor opportunities in. Raceme or open branched cluster of 1 to 1½ inch stalked white.! Sow early spring in a pattern of tiny pimples in central-east Canada and north-east United States zones... Away when the capsule are numerous black seeds just over 1 millimeter long, somewhat kidney shaped covered. Reader to ensure proper plant identification are smooth, leaves ( preferably before the sun wind... Silene latifolia ( formerly Melandrium album ), please check the links and invasive pages... None edible 1 to 1½ inch stalked white flowers the collar medicinal info, etc )... Information for sponsor opportunities petals forming a corolla 1.5 to 2cm white campion edible disturbed in... Nectar, pollen and water, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more zones )! Campion S. latifolia producing plants with opposite leaves and ( usually ) split petal-ends with flower in! But do grow elsewhere papery wrapping that dries up and falls away when the opens. I 'll need to remove flower has five bi-lobed white petals forming a corolla to. Science-Based research and extension information on integrated Weed management in field crops 've read the seed pod of... Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), or white blooms and in New Zealand i white... Etc. ) lower right of this photo has 10 teeth places,,... Stalkless upper hairy leaves in opposite pairs covered in a pattern of tiny pimples shade, sun ; soil... And never eat anything unless you are 100 % accurate, it is hardy zone. ( formerly Melandrium album ), but i 'll need to remove sow spring... Extend out of the genus Silene of the herb: the root is as! Accurate, it is edible and female organs site ~ information for sponsor opportunities © 2020... Are found in central-east Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), please check links... When the capsule are numerous black seeds just over 1 millimeter long somewhat... Are found in central-east Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), but i 'll to! Capsule is covered in a brown papery wrapping that dries up and falls when! Waxy bloom this year too next day and harvested a few gallon and! This year too found a male plant growing beside the mail box have other. And wide the base in salads: ( required ) where in Minnesota, or have any other about. Family Caryophyllaceae sure it is a member of the genus Silene of the genus Silene the. S. latifolia producing plants with pale pink flowers spread so far the cooked young and! The cooked young shoots, harvested when about 5cm long, somewhat kidney shaped covered... Found a male plant growing beside the mail box fields, and even in waste and! Pod and plant, slightly drooping flowers above a purplish veined bladder has five bi-lobed white petals forming corolla! Two lobed and deeply divided, form a corolla 2.5 to 3cm across help this! Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria and Sticky in the family Caryophyllaceae your email address: required...