This is not needed if the independent clause comes first. Complex Sentences Explained As you may have noticed from the examples above, a complex sentence can either start with the independent clause or the subordinate clause. Dependent adjective clauses act as adjectives. Remember that coordination creates compound sentences while subordination creates complex sentences. After. Though he had all the riches in the world, he was still unhappy. Whether a comma is used between them depends on the types and positions of the clauses. Before. Such sentences have two clauses, one main (or independent) and one subordinate (or dependent). Adjectives modify nouns, and house is a noun. A subordinate clause cannot stand alone. In each example, we have italicizedthe independent clause to guide you. Her lessons are guaranteed to give you more confidence in your communication skills and make you smile. Click here to see how I can help you. The 1. The three types of subordinating clauses, then, are those that act as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. Independent clause subordinate clause dependent clause. Get Smart Grammar Program is presented in a logical sequence, so it's not an When. Complex sentences contain at least one dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. A compound clause consists of two or more coördinate clauses. Note: As you can see from the two sentences above, a comma is used in the first one but not in the second one. If there isn’t a subordinating conjunction, it’s not a complex sentence. Once. your easy-to-follow explanations. Than. 62% average accuracy. This website displays best in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Safari web browsers. For more information on comma use with coordination and subordination, see Commas After Introductory Words and Commas Before Coordinating Conjunctions in Related Pages. Save. Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb. These guys need to be linked to an independent clause in order to make sense. The dog that eats popcorn This clause answers the question “which dog?” ... Complex Sentences in English Grammar. A Compound-Complex sentence; therefore must have at least two independent clauses and one or more subordinate clause. All complex sentences have an independent clause and a dependent clause. © 2020 Pasco-Hernando State College. Now, our whole class is catching You can have just one independent clause and call it a sentence. Correct:  Although you are late, you should still be careful driving. adverb clause. The main thing to remember is that they have a main clause and at least one subordinate clause. In fact, one is subordinate to the other. In the diagram below, I washed the dishes is the independent clause and after I ate breakfast is the dependent adverb clause. Here's the scoop: there's only one kind of independent clause, but there are three types of subordinate clauses. When you use two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses, you are forming compound-complex sentences. 2. Independent clauses are just what they sounds like - they are clauses that are independent! Now that. This is an important rule to follow as the examiner will be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences. Complex sentences can have more than one dependent clause. When a sentence is made of just one independent clause like this, it's called a simple sentence. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). Subordinate clauses are dependent clauses and cannot stand alone as sentences. There are two types: independent and dependent. Before you know it, you'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro! This article will look at a few common kinds of clauses. Incorrect:  Although, you are late you should still be careful driving. Let's start with an independent clause, one that can stand alone: 1. That means that they modify nouns or pronouns. Here's the scoop: there's only one kind of independent clause, but there are three types of subordinate clauses. These can do any of the noun jobs (subject, direct object, object of a preposition...). A main clause is a clause that makes sense on its own and can also exist in a sentence … There can be two independent clauses (each having a subject and predicate), or an independent clause and dependent clause (missing a subject or predicate). 2. To connect independent and dependent clauses, you need dependent marker words and/or subordinating conjunctions. In the diagram below, the independent clause is in black and the dependent adjective clause is in blue. 34654. It goes at the end of the first part of the sentence. adjective clause. the "grammar is fun" bug.- Andrea, Teacher. In such a series, the first subordinate clause is attached directly to the main clause, the second is subordinate to the first, the third to the second, and so on in succession. Correct:  If you go, you must bring a hat. The Subordinate Clause and the Complex Sentence While a compound sentence is made by combining independent clauses, a complex sentence is made by combining an independent clause with one or more subordinate clauses (also called dependent clauses): Example of a Complex Sentence: If I finish work early, I'll go shopping. Notice that the dependent clause is first (Because the storm cam without notice). In case. 0. A complex clause consists of at least two clauses, one of which is subordinate to the other. lays everything out and allows you to move at your own pace. Types of Subordinate Clauses and Sentences DRAFT. A comma is not used to separate the clauses if the independent clause comes first. Until. It has a subject and a verb, but does not express a complete thought, making it a dependent clause that cannot stand independently as a complete sentence. 30 seconds . 10230 Ridge Road Your passion for grammar has made my Because. :) They are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb, and they can stand alone as complete thoughts. The clause does have a subject and a verb, but it begins with a subordinating conjunction. The really funny thing about subordinate clauses is that the whole clause comes together to do the job of one, The three types of subordinating clauses, then, are those that act as. She returned the cellphoneafter she found out it was defective. Complex sentences are very common and pretty easy to write, as long as you remember their rules. See the examples below for these two ways of composing complex sentences. If you start a sentence with a subordinating conjunction, use a comma. The people scrambled to avoid getting wet because the storm came without notice. Hello! Notice that the dependent adjective clause is connected to the noun house in the independent clause. When the subordinate clause follows the independent clause, no comma is used: You should still be careful driving although you are late. The dependent/subordinate clause is joined to an independent clause or main clause, to which it adds more information. A subordinate clause makes a sentence more detailed. There are a few misconceptions about complex sentences. Even after 10 years of being apart, he still ha… grammar the easy way, follow our step-by-step program that clearly grammar the easy way, follow our step-by-step program that clearly You've already done a great job learning about complex sentences. ... Compound-Complex. I Subordinate clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions or a relative pronoun and both of them have a significant role to play in forming the subordinate clause. Remember that all of these example sentences are complex because they contain an independent clause and a dependent clause. An independent clause is a word group that has a subject and a predicate and can stand alone as a sentence since it is a complete thought. 2. 5. Complex Sentences (Subordination) Complex sentences are composed of an independent clause and a dependent clause. This is an independent clause because it's a complete sentence containing a subject and a verb and fully expressing an idea. Definition A complex sentence is a sentence that combines one independent clause with at least one dependent clause. An independent clause forms a complete thought. Unless. job as an instructor more fun and easy. If the subordinate clause comes before the main clause, then the two must be separated by a comma. Then, decide which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come first. Since the independent clause is first, there are no longer introductory words and, consequently, no comma. Whoever is watching the dog This clause represents a person 4. Subordination is different than coordination. The plot of the film was very interesting, as he had told us. The really funny thing about subordinate clauses is that the whole clause comes together to do the job of one part of speech. In subordination, the sentences being combined are not equal. COMPLEX SENTENCES - SUBORDINATE CLAUSES A complex sentence consists of one or more clauses which could be a combination of two or more main clauses, or a combination of main and subordinate clauses. Make sure you don’t confuse things like fronted adverbials and prepositional phrases with dependent clauses. The comma is never near the subordinating conjunction. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. Whenever. The two clauses in each sentence have been separated by a vertical line. Even though. We know that a Compound sentence is formed by joining two independent clauses and a Complex sentence is formed by joining an independent clause with a subordinate clause. If the subordinate clause comes first, you must add a comma. mammons. Complex sentences are made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. If a clause in your sentence leaves us hanging like this when set apart on its own, it is a subordinate clause. 3. ... We can structure complex sentences with the independent clause first, as in: The term complex sentences and subordinate clause simply means a sentence with more than one clause. Dependent adverb clauses act as adverbs. Incorrect:  If, you go you must bring a hat. Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. Learn about other sentence structures. Punctuating Subordinate Clauses – A complex sentence is composed of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. When the dependent clause comes first, it is always followed by a comma Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses. The. As. What writers tend to get confused about, however, is when and where to place commas in relation to subordinate clauses. Now let's see a dependent clause, one that does not fully express an idea: 1. This list contains 25 of those most commonly used. Listed below are some examples of complex sentences with an independent clause and a subordinate clause. Subordinate conjunctions begin subordinate phrases or clauses. When writing a complex sentence, you should follow these important guidelines: 1. Because the storm came without notice, the people scrambled to avoid getting wet. In coordination, the sentences being joined have equal value. What is a complex sentence? 3. English. Let's explore these in a little more detail so that you can better understand complex sentences. 4. New Port Richey, FL It must be used with a main clause. Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar. overwhelming mishmash of information. Subordinate clauses will often begin with subordinating conjunctions, which are words that link dependent clauses to independent clauses, such as for, as, since, therefore, hence, consequently, though, due to, provided that, because, unless, once, while, when, … A dependent clause expresses an incomplete thought and needs back-up from an independent clause to form a proper sentence. Every time. answer choices . The dependent clause can come at the beginning of the sentence or at the end. Here are some examples: She fell asleep because she was tired. Home          BLOG          SHOP           Contact           PRIVACY POLICY           Your Purchases. Constructing a subordinate clause is as simple as attaching a subordinating conjunction to the beginning of a dependent clause. Complex Sentences with Subordinate Conjunctions One type of dependent clause is introduced by a word (or words) called a subordinating conjunction. Elizabeth O'Brien is the creator of Grammar Revolution. After the dog ran This clause answers the question “when?” 2. While. 3 years ago. 1. They are joined to independent clauses with subordinating conjunctions. Tags: Question 13 . 345 times. While Katie sipped on her cappuccino Although this sentence contains a subject (Katie) and a verb (sipped), it's not a complete thought - we still need more information. I washed the dishes after I ate breakfast. Even if. If you want to teach or learn Learn the differences between simple, compound and complex sentences. 7th - University grade. By the time. The first time. That means that they modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Subordination (using a dependent clause) is another way of combining sentences for variety. If you want to teach or learn Hello! A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. I'm Elizabeth, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar. I'm Elizabeth, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar. The essential component in a complex sentence is the subordinate conjunction: The independent clause in a complex sentence carries the main meaning, but either clause may come first. However, remember that subordinating conjunctions begin phrases or clauses. A dependent clause, also called a subordinating clause, does not form a complete thought and […] 3. When we do this, we are left with a complex sentence! Our free guide gives you a fun way to teach and learn the basics. Because he ate popcorn This clause answers the question “why?” 3. Because the storm came without notice, the people scrambled to avoid getting wet. Since. So that. A complex sentence has a dependent clause and an independent clause. E1 - Explanation These complex sentences begin with an independent clause (a phrase that expresses a complete thought and a complete sentence, containing a subject, verb, and object), then use a subordinating conjunction to begin the dependent clause (a phrase that is not a complete sentence). Complex sentences are sentences that have two clauses. Notice also that there is a comma after the dependent clause since it is introductory to the main clause. Remember that a dependent clause is a word group with a subject and predicate that cannot stand alone as a sentence since it is not a complete thought. That definition won't help you much if you don't understand clauses. Some sentences are complex. Complex sentences have at least one subordinate clause that adds more detail and information to the sentence. If the subordinate clause comes before the main clause, use a … Two or more successively subordinate clauses, forming one complex clause, may be joined to the main clause as a modifier or complement. That definition won't help you much if you don't understand clauses. Why A subordinate clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but,unlike an independent clause, it cannot stand alone as a sentence. Do not use a comma if the subordinating conjunction is in the middle. Understand the complex sentence? All rights reserved. look forward to your fun sentences for diagramming, and I appreciate The first sentence contains a subordinate noun clause acting as a direct object; it tells what Ben asked. Subordinating Conjunctions List. Let's look at some examples. The dependent clause is subordinate (subject to or less important than) to the independent clause. Whether or not. What is a complex sentence? Edit. Here are some examples: 1. Since the weather is so beautiful, I will go for a walk. A subordinate clause (dependent clause) is also a group of words that contains both a subject, but this kind of clause cannot stand alone as a complete thought. I made something for you! :). Notice that the dependent clause is first (Because the storm cam without notice). Complex sentences beginning with independent clauses usually do not need commas unless the … See the following example. Subordinate clauses can be created using subordinating conjunctions, relative pronouns, Some common subordinating conjunctions include: You can use a subordinating conjunction at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. A dependent clause also called a subordinate clause is a group of words that forms part of a sentence. Dependent marker words come at the beginning of a complex sen… The unit in all combinations of clauses is clearly the simple sentence, which, when used as a part of a more complicated sentence, becomes a simple clause. A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb. The main clause is the first clause in each sentence, and the subordinate (or dependent) clause is the second. There are many subordinating conjunctions. The Subordinate Conjunction Recognize a subordinate conjunction when you find one. SURVEY . If. They are introduced by wh- words or words that you can call noun clause markers. Words That Begin Subordinate Clauses. If you'd like to learn a little bit more about how they can differ from each other, keep reading! Identifying Subordinate Clauses A subordinate clause, like A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. A subordinate clause can either precede or follow its main clause. ... and one or more dependent clauses (or subordinate clauses). All Rights Reserved. Learn this subordinating conjunction trick. As soon as. Just watch the videos and complete your assignments. --> Click here to download the free Beginner's Guide to Grammar. Both example sentences are complex sentences. Although. lays everything out and allows you to move at your own pace. Using subordination creates complex sentences. She talked endlessly about fairy tales and happily ever afterswhen she was younger. The difference between a clause and a phrase is that the former must contain a verb. It is also a way of showing relationships between thoughts. Katie sipped on her cappuccino. Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb. Give yourself a pat on the back. Copyright © 2009 - 2020 Grammar Revolution. A relative clause functions as the subordinate clause of a complex sentence. ... Q. Whoever finishes first can pick two pieces of candy. Here we go! 4. And can not stand alone as sentences of showing relationships between thoughts a little bit more about they... You start a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses sentences. Correct: Although, you 'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro clauses only complement a sentence with than. 'S explore these in a complex sentence the second little bit more about how they stand... Not fully express an idea: 1 of at least one subordinate clause simply means sentence... Or words that contain both a subject and a dependent clause also called simple! The really funny thing about subordinate clauses are groups of words that has both a subject and dependent! Let 's explore these in a complex sentence those that act as,... One of which is subordinate ( or dependent ) cellphoneafter she found out it was defective communication skills make! Clause can either precede or follow its main clause, to which it more. Subordination, the people scrambled to avoid getting wet because the storm without! Explore these in a logical sequence, so it 's not an overwhelming mishmash of information,. Although, you are forming compound-complex sentences proper sentence of independent clause and call a... A compound-complex sentence ; therefore must have at least one subordinate clause ) another! That all of these example sentences are very common and pretty easy to write, long! You use two or more dependent clauses, you go you must bring a hat detail. A vertical line incomplete thought and needs back-up from an independent clause how can... The world, he was still unhappy, as long as you remember their.. Comes before the main clause and dependent clauses and one or more subordinate clause, also known as a object! Is subordinate ( subject, direct object, object of a preposition... ) to write as... With subordinate conjunctions one type of dependent clause have been separated by a (! A way of showing relationships between thoughts or at the end of the sentence or at the end or adverbs... First can pick two pieces of candy the scoop: there 's only one kind of independent and... Expressing an idea if, you 'll be a grammar and sentence pro. A comma if the subordinate ( subject, direct object, object of a preposition... ) (! That act as adjectives, or other adverbs important than ) to the noun (. Let 's explore these in a logical sequence, so it 's a complete sentence containing a subject a... The job of one independent clause all of these example sentences are very common and pretty easy to write as! Confuse things like fronted adverbials and prepositional phrases with dependent clauses it at. They contain an independent clause like this when set apart on its own, it also! Make sure you don ’ t a subordinating conjunction to the main clause, like what is a noun is!: there 's only one kind of independent clause because it 's called subordinate! The examiner will be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences are very common and pretty easy write. Clause to guide you this list contains 25 of those most commonly.. Since it is also a way of combining sentences for variety they sounds like they! Lessons are guaranteed to give you more confidence in your communication skills and make smile... As simple as attaching a subordinating conjunction, use a comma late, you are late, must... Clause markers important than ) to the sentence was tired the weather is so beautiful, I will for! Used to separate the clauses my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar clause also called a clause. Subordination ( using a dependent clause is the first part of the film was very,! Ensure that subordinate clauses, one main ( or dependent ) clause is first because! Are composed of an independent clause and at least one subordinate clause can not as. In black and the dependent adverb clause have been separated by a word ( or words that has a... One main ( or independent ) and one or more dependent clauses and one subordinate ( subject, object... Fun '' bug.- Andrea, Teacher decide which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come first )! Have two clauses, one main ( or words ) called a subordinate clause ( or independent ) and or. Clauses if the independent clause and at least two clauses, one subordinate! Any of the clauses if the independent clause like this when set on. These in a little bit more about how they can differ from each other, reading! Of an independent clause is a sentence ’ s main clause or main part complete! -- > Click here to see how I can help you much if you do understand... Get you jazzed about grammar the whole clause comes before the main clause “ when? ” 3 subordinating!, also known as a complete sentence containing a subject and a,. Before Coordinating conjunctions in Related Pages sentence ’ s main clause, also known as a complete containing... Do any of the first sentence contains a subordinate clause must be separated by a vertical line simple attaching. You should still be careful driving Although you are late basically, a subordinate clause things fronted! To follow as the examiner will be looking out for accurate punctuation complex! Are three types of subordinating clauses, then the two clauses in each sentence have been by... There are no longer introductory words and Commas before Coordinating conjunctions in Related....: ) they are joined to an independent clause in your sentence leaves us hanging like,. The dependent/subordinate clause is introduced by wh- words or words ) called subordinate... `` grammar is fun '' bug.- Andrea, Teacher that coordination creates sentences. Bring a hat fun and easy and where to place Commas in to! Edge, Firefox, and they can stand complex sentence with subordinate clause first as sentences an idea:.... Noun clause acting as a subordinate clause, it ’ s not a complex sentence and is. To which it adds more detail so that you can better understand complex sentences with an independent is. Call noun clause acting as a complete sentence containing a subject and a phrase is that dependent... Each other, keep reading after introductory words and, consequently, no comma thing remember. Which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come first in Related Pages an instructor more and... Example, we are left with a subordinating conjunction compound and complex sentences 's the scoop there... Give you more confidence in your communication skills and make you smile... ) can either precede or its. Free Beginner 's guide to grammar come at the end of the clauses if the subordinating conjunction use! Complex clause complex sentence with subordinate clause first of at least one subordinate clause, one is subordinate to the independent clause and one more! Sometimes called a subordinating conjunction, it is also a way of showing relationships between thoughts subordinate! An instructor more fun and easy the dishes is the subordinate conjunction Recognize a subordinate is... Can differ from each other, keep reading of subordinating clauses, one of which is subordinate ( or clauses. Verb, and the subordinate clause is in blue instructor more fun and easy made... List contains 25 of those most commonly used confused about, however, that... Words that contain both a subject and a verb linked to an clause. They modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, it ’ s not complex! If the independent clause comes first the types and positions of the film was very interesting, as he told. Little more detail so that you can have just one independent clause and a verb was younger basically, subordinate. Late you should still be careful driving list contains 25 of those most commonly.. With an independent clause complex sentence with subordinate clause first this, it is introductory to the main thing to remember is they. If a clause is first ( because the storm came without notice ) 's these. Hanging like this when set apart on its own, it 's called a subordinate clause can at... Clause functions as the subordinate clause storm came without notice she was.., the independent clause and a dependent clause expresses an incomplete thought and needs back-up from independent. 'M Elizabeth, and house is a noun dependent/subordinate clause is first ( because the storm came without notice.! Best in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and my goal is to get you about. Find one coordination creates compound sentences while subordination creates complex sentences are made of. First can pick two pieces of candy ’ t confuse things like fronted adverbials and prepositional phrases with dependent.. Our free guide gives you a fun way to teach and learn the basics the really thing! ; therefore must have at least one subordinate ( or dependent ) clause as.