Staying uphill may give you more of a chance to inflict enough damage to the bear to give you a chance to escape. Try to create some distance between you and the bear––distance is your ally while you defend yourself. Well then, call the press! If you have hit the bear or caused them pain, recognize that the bear will see you as a continuing threat. Almost all small bears can climb trees. Take the Simple Test That Can Predict Your Mortality. Don’t Start a Fight. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Against a grizzly, it’s quite possible you’ll just piss it off. And hiking at night is not advised in bear country––bears may be about and you can't see, increasing the potential for an unwanted abrupt meeting. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. If they think you’re dead, they won’t think you’re threatening. For help knowing what to do when faced with different types of bears, scroll down. If it is on all four legs, aggression will be shown in the form of swinging its head from side to side and clacking its teeth while opening and closing her mouth. The Indian sloth bear inhabits forested and grassland regions of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan. So the first step in surviving a bear encounter is to know what kind you’re up against. Bears are strong, adaptable creatures that can run faster, climb better, and kill better than any of us humans could dream of doing. UDAP bear spray is a highly concentrated capsaicin spray that creates a large cloud. If visiting a place known for its bears, talk to locals about the safety issues. Brown bears like semi-open country, often in mountainous areas, and are found in Eurasia and North America––about 95% of brown bears in North America are in Alaska, with the remaining brown bears along and in the Rockies, in the western Great Plains and along the upper western coast (grizzly bears can be found in the interior and coast). wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. To survive a brown bear attack, you should do the following: Use a bear spray – it’s recommended you bring one if you’re in bear country Bill Stiver, a wildlife biologist at the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, … This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. The strategy should be to stick together as much as possibly, to help increase the impression of a group that is hard to part. Some people believe metallic noise scares off bears because it's not natural and there are documented examples of bears running away from clanging metallic sounds. Don’t run. But if you do choose to shoot, aim for the bear's head and start thinking about how you're going to prove to a skeptical park ranger how this was in self-defense, provided you survive that long. They will either run away or continue their assault until they have removed the perceived threat. Don't hike, jog or walk in bear country at night. Leash dogs; they can get into a fight with a bear and it's one the dog will never win. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. How you handle a bear attack depends on the type of bear you come across: grizzly or black. It won’t be immediate though, so don’t rely on it. It may attract the bear. If attacked by one of these bears, drop to the ground, lie flat, protect your head and neck with your arms and hands, and play dead until it leaves. % of people told us that this article helped them. … Bear Attack Survival Tactics in Illustrated Form, How to Carve a Turtle Out of a Bar of Soap, The Complete Guide to the Perfect Deadlift. The bear won't be fooled into thinking you've disappeared and scuttling off to hide may well trigger the predator instinct to keep foraging for you. Use bear spray – it is very effective. Aim the pepper spray at the bear so that it will form a fog or cone cloud in the precise place where the bear is aiming to attack. Always be prepared with pepper spray if you have a campfire, especially if you're cooking because they'll be attracted to the smell of food. That's just going to make the bear more angry, it won't do anything helpful. It won't be deterred from continuing to attack you. It's slightly more protection than without one, especially if you need to play dead (see next step). This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. If attacked by a black bear, do not play dead. 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Black bear predatory attack: The bear that is hungry will often find you and may have stalked you. It can also be useful where a bear is bluff charging, as it can indicate to the bear that you're not a threat. The mother is likely nearby and she will remove her cub in due time. In particular, protect young or vulnerable people. A hungry black bear that somehow sees humans as food; A mother defending her cubs; How to Survive a Black Bear Attack? After a bluff charge, talk softly, wave your hands slowly above your head and back away slowly. You never know when you’ll need this information. Spray should only be used in the moment of attack and directly into the bear's face. Note that it may be very illegal to shoot a bear, unless in self defense in an emergency situation during an attack, so try not to go shooting on a whim. Sloth bears ("Melursus ursinus"): Sloth bears are a nocturnal insectivorous species of bear found wild within the Indian subcontinent. Strike quickly and draw your leg back fast before the bear has a chance to swipe your inner thigh (if the bear manages to do so, you're effectively disarmed). What do you do if you are bleeding as the bear is hunting you down? Stay calm and never run, just back out of the campsite slowly. But some grizzlies can climb, too. Walk, hike or jog with others, preferably a larger group. • Last updated: September 28, 2020. Hike in groups, stay on trails, and talk/sing loudly if you’re in an area that has seen high bear activity. With the increase in human-bear interactions in recent years, the best survival tip is is to avoid them. Black bears are excellent climbers. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Just like humans, bears prefer the ways of least resistance. The Sri Lankan sloth bear is found only on the island of Sri Lanka in lowland forests. Can a bear outrun a human? Communicate in a calm tone with the bear. While bear attacks are uncommon – in fact, you’re more likely to encounter snakes or scorpions – they are still a common worry for hikers and campers who travel in areas inhabited by bears.. No matter where you’re going, it’s always good for any survivalist to understand how to survive a bear attack. If wearing a backpack, leave it on. The larger the group is, the fewer chances are for a bear to attack. Hence, trails attract them, so be alert even when following trails. Hopefully you've got a big container with a good range, to help keep distance between you and the bear. Definitely do not try to outrun a black bear or a grizzly bear. If you're in the Arctic, try to get back to a vehicle or shelter where possible. In this latter case, if you do find yourself forced to climb a tree, climb very high to a point where even a small 300 pound bear cannot go without snapping the branches. Stay still and let them assess you; they may find you unworthy of further interest. Check the wind direction. On the other hand, many bear experts recommend that you should. While this may deteriorate with age (as with humans), don't rely on alleged poor eyesight as a defense method (namely, don't play hide and seek in full view of the bear). This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Don’t climb a tree. Remember he is a very big animal and his weight alone can kill. But if you do climb a tree, make sure the bear is not strong enough to make the tree fall over, and that you have sufficient time to climb high enough that the bear cannot get to you if it stands on his hind legs (which it can do rapidly). When it attacks you, it'll bite the top of your head and the nape and smash your spinal cord with a powerful paw swipe. A bear is able to run over 40 mph (64 km/h), so don't harbor notions of outrunning the bear! If there is food attracting them, they'll be there, you may simply not have seen them, for they are very secretive. You. (And Why the Difference Matters), 8 Personal Finance Lessons from Benjamin Franklin, Podcast #605: The Money Moves You Should Make Right Now, So You Want My Trade: Automotive Mechanic/Technician, The Complete Library of Rocky Training Exercises. A couple of seconds of distraction and the bear could have closed the distance by half. Only if you're sure you can kill it or severely wound it with one shot. The Grizzly Bear: The grizzly bear is indifferent to man. Speak quietly to your tent mates and tell them which direction they need to go. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. In the case that the bear actually charges and attacks, use whatever you can to defend yourself, including pepper spray and sticks. Larger bears have been known to knock them down. Play dead. Grizzlies are known for waiting around to see if their victim will get back up. A bear typically won't think that you are trying to attack it--unless you are already attacking it, or are too close to its cubs. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Just because Baloo from "The Jungle Book" is a gentle sloth bear, do NOT be fooled! But if you do end up fighting a polar bear, attack as if your life depends on it. The best way to survive a bear attack is to avoid an encounter altogether. In the USA, they are found in forested areas throughout most of the northeast, northern midwest, the Rocky Mountain region, the west coast and Alaska.They appear to be expanding their range or remaining stable where they are already located in the USA. Defensive attacks are the most common type of bear attack. Step 1: Reverse direction If you’ve already had your head ripped off during a bear encounter, we probably can’t help you. Above all, do not run or you will trigger the bear's instincts to give chase. When you run, the bear thinks you’re prey and will continue chasing you. This is because bears (especially black and sloth bears) can climb trees very fast. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. The National Park Service has some great information on proper viewing etiquette. It wouldn't do you any good to accidentally pepperspray yourself in an attempt to defend yourself against the bear. Note that if a bear rears up on its hind legs––this is often an attempt to see what is happening rather than an immediate launch into an attack. Pepper spray deteriorates in strength; check by shaking the can (two to three sloshes means it's good, continued sloshing means it's had it) and check the use-by date before heading out to bear country. Rehearsal allows the human mind to recognize that there is a set of things to repeat without thinking (for example, stay calm, avoid making eye contact, make yourself appear larger, gently step back without running, etc) and if you do go blank with fear, you at least have body memory of what to do that is both sensible and more likely to increase your chances of survival. Bears don’t actually stalk their prey very well. With either type of bear, don’t rely on a gun to save your life in the event of an attack. How To Survive a Black Bear Attack If the bear doesn’t see you, try not to surprise him. This highly concentrated formula will create a thick cloud, stopping the bear in its tracks. Instructions. Be calm yourself. The only time playing dead works as a survival technique is if you’re dealing with a brown bear whose attack was a defense –- maybe it’s guarding its cubs or food, Stiver said. The fastest human can only run up to 27 miles per hour. The good news is, the vast majority of bears want absolutely nothing to do with us. Avoid any sudden movements and never run. It won't do you any good to spray the bear only to have the spray fog you instead. The best thing is to avoid him and never surprise him. Play dead if a brown bear does attack. While bear attacks are rare, a man should always be prepared for a bear encounter. Follow the manufacturer's instructions. Try to aim for the nose or eyes. A punch usually only works when landed squarely on the bear's nose. Also, if it's raining heavily, the spray may not be effective as it'll wash off quickly. What do I do if my friend gets killed by the bear? If attacked by a grizzly bear, cover up and play dead. One person can collect sticks, dirt, etc. Want to start taking action on the content you read on AoM? wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Noise may or may not make things worse. It can always be replaced, while you cannot be. Get some friends to help with this rehearsal of a bear encounter at home before heading out on the trail. How can you tell if a bear is stalking you? How to Survive a Brown Bear Attack? Equally, never hide in something as flimsy as a tent. Don’t think you … The size, strength and power of a black, brown or polar bear can literally take us apart in seconds. Remember that most bears will avoid confrontation where possible. Animals that chase prey for a living react to movement and running trips an innate reaction to give chase until caught. Be aware of the wind direction as well. They will bite you in the head. Bears are actually attracted to campfires. In case you're ever unfortunate enough to have such a close encounter, be prepared by knowing ways to survive. If the bear actually attacks, fight back. Ways to avoid getting attacked by a bear include: Don't try to save your gear. It most likely is a defensive attack. For locations of different bear species, see "Tips" below. Where you can, strike and move uphill, strike and move uphill. A bear's neck, skull and rigid jaw muscles can be used as resistance. Experts recommend that hikers in bear country carry with them bear pepper spray. Bears, as far as scientists can determine, have as good eyesight as humans. It is a possibility only for those who know what they're doing and in those unique situations where the alternative (not having a firearm) can prove lethal.