Conserving existing mangrove forest is often more effective than planting new forests. THE MANGROVE VOLUNTARY COMMITMENTS: OBJECTIVES, GEOGRAPHY, AND STAKEHOLDERS The importance of mangroves to ocean health is reflected in the 116 voluntary commitments submitted to date that relate to the restoration, rehabilitation, protection and management of mangroves and associated ecosystems. 0000002210 00000 n There are an estimated cluster of around 50 villages that are spread across both the east (PQA) and west coasts of Karachi. between planting on degraded and non-degraded sites and distinguish between replanting, rehabilitation, restoration, and afforestation. Develop and design promotional material for awareness raising of communities in the area. Permanent mangrove loss is considered a key threat to the maintenance of a healthy marine ecosystem and the EPA provides guidance for assessment of cumulative loss. Project Background: originally present at a site. Over the years, IUCN Pakistan has partnered with private sector companies in the area with the objective of building coastal sustainability by increasing mangrove cover which has also led to improved livelihoods for communities residing in villages situated in this area. 0000000016 00000 n 0 61 13 Background to this review This review is to establish the reasons for and success of planting mangroves along the northern and eastern shores of Western Port. Thus mangrove planting activities of mono- genus stands in the tropical cyclone prone area are increasing, however, this may not warranty as formerly diverse mangrove forests. Often, projects conducted in this … Manual on Mangrove Reversion of Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds (2.92 MB) 2. Mangroves were found to be more effective than the coral reefs at decreasing wave energy. 0000001738 00000 n Valuation of mangrove services Mangrove systems have contributed significantly to the well-being of coastal communities through a wide array of ecosystem services <]>> 3. �Sv�h���{p,c���g#�fbk� (�K� They plan to continue to plant mangroves into the future. ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). In order to address the coastal issues and to contribute towards the betterment of communities SSGC approached IUCN in 2016 to suggest a partnership that would allow the company to invest some of its corporate social responsibility funding in mangrove restoration on company property, while also making a broader contribution to local communities and to improving understanding among government and private sector in Pakistan of the importance of mangrove ecosystems. The events were held following the launching of the SFD-ISME Project on Mangrove Rehabilitation in Sabah. “We started this project in 2014 and I am happy to say that since that time up till now we’ve planted over 3,000 mangroves in our mangrove rehabilitation area,” Mamei says. Raise awareness of the importance of mangroves in coastal ecosystem among SSGC staff, local communities and other private sector companies; Engage communities in the planting and conservation of mangrove ecosystems for their livelihoods. Field guide to Philippine mangroves (3.43 MB) 4. Concept of community-based rehabilitation of mangroves (CBRM) CBRM is patterned from the concept of Community-Based Mangrove Forest Management (CBMFM) wherein partnership between the stakeholders and the government in the upkeep of the country’s natural mangrove resources is built. Communities in these villages are mostly fishermen and depend on the coastal resources for their livelihoods. Many mangrove restoration and rehabilitation projects are conducted through integrated conservation and development projects or community based natural resource management programs , engaging local communities and focusing on ecosystem services provided by mangroves in part to try to establish protection of biodiversity through sustainable use. The concept and goals of mangrove ecosystem rehabilitation are considered and contrasted with ideas of ecosystem restoration. natural threats to mangroves. 0000001065 00000 n These are historical rights of the communities in this part of coast. This will create motivation in the communities to conserve mangroves for their own livelihoods, as communities also depend on these resources for their livelihoods – such as fish. Mangrove, any of certain shrubs and trees that belong primarily to the families Rhizophoraceae, Acanthaceae, Lythraceae, Combretaceae, and Arecaceae; that grow in dense thickets or forests along tidal estuaries, in salt marshes, and on muddy coasts; and that characteristically have prop roots—i.e., exposed supporting roots.The term mangrove also applies to thickets and forests of such plants. To effectively implement the project on Development of Pagbilao Mangrove Experimental Forest Station, the Urban and Biodiversity Research, Development and Extension Center (UBRDEC) held two information, education and communication (IEC) activities on mangrove rehabilitation for its partner Local Government Units (LGUs). The history of mangrove restoration and rehabilitation cautions one to avoid making two ecological mistakes: planting the wrong species in inappropriate places, and failure to understand the basic concept of restoration. The practice of mangrove restoration is grounded in the discipline of restoration ecology, which aims to “ [assist] the recovery of resilience and adaptive capacity of ecosystems that have been degraded, damaged, or destroyed”. ISME is most grateful to the Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) for graciously hosting both events. • Construction of rock walls in areas of high wave energy. 61 0 obj<> endobj endstream endobj 62 0 obj<> endobj 64 0 obj<> endobj 65 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 66 0 obj<> endobj 67 0 obj<> endobj 68 0 obj[/ICCBased 73 0 R] endobj 69 0 obj<> endobj 70 0 obj<> endobj 71 0 obj<> endobj 72 0 obj<>stream Communities in the villages located along this patch have been given the right to benefit from the mangroves patches for fodder for their cattle and fish for their livelihoods even if the patch falls within the jurisdiction of the companies. Philippine mangroves chart (2.17 MB) Rehabilitaion Project, Kiribati The objective of this project is to introduce mangrove planting techniques to the local community and plant mangroves together with children for coastal protection. “We do this voluntarily with the help of our husbands and children. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000002734 00000 n 0000001186 00000 n startxref Importance of mangroves Mangrove ecosystems are among the most “misunderstood” treasures of the country, despite its many benefits to the environment, based on CI-Philippines . Along tropical coastlines, mangroves are vital for healthy ecosystems and human communities. Three reasons for mangrove rehabilitation: conservation and landscaping; multiple use systems for high sustainable yield and protection of … 0000000856 00000 n Mangroves protect shorelines from erosion. Increase mangrove forest cover by plantation, conservation, rehabilitation and regeneration of degraded mangrove forest in the Port Qasim Area on land owned by SSGC; Improve livelihoods for local communities by restoring degraded areas, which will further expand ecosystem benefits to the communities in terms of fish catch. Mangroves Biodiversity and Ecosystem. on-ground works involved with planting mangrove to prevent erosion, and consistent biennial measurements of erosion rates 1. The monoculture planting of mangroves in intertidal Of significance was my appointment as the President of ISME during the Eighth GA in 2011. Forest rehabilitation re-establishes the original productivity of the forest and some, but not necessarily all, of the plant and animal species thought to be originally present at a site. 0000002658 00000 n This book Rehabilitation of Mangroves in Sabah: The 0000000556 00000 n (8) They are also very effective at diminishing storm waves. Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Training Manual FIG. • Planting of Casuarinas and other native vegetation to stabilise riverbanks. B. Mangrove Functions and Valuation TABLE 3. December 3, 2020. natural threats to mangroves • Planting mangroves to trap sediments and reduce impacts of wave action. For this reason Mangrove management, conservation and rehabilitation is of growing importance. The purpose will be to sensitize them to the importance of the ecosystem and its linkages with their livelihoods; Local community which have been given the right to benefit from mangroves in the company areas, along the PQA will be mobilized and trained in mangrove plantation and nursery raising; Community to be made aware of importance of mangroves with an emphasis on ecosystem linkages so that they also contribute to sustainability; Local fishermen community residing nearby SSGC installations to be mobilized and trained in mangrove plantation and nursery raising. • Production of a mangrove planting booklet for extension and Infor- mation can serve as a guide to future biodiversity conservation activities. Despite the significance of these habitats, in the last few decades they have been extensively degraded and cleared, often in the interest of economic growth. 63 0 obj<>stream The following are the major objectives of the proposed project: Output 1: Increased mangrove forest cover: Output 2: Seminar, awareness-raising on environmental issues and sustainability involving public, media and academic institutions; Output 3: Community is trained on technicalities of mangrove plantation and aware of ecosystem and livelihood linkages; Donor:  Sui Southern Gas Company Limited (SSGC). Mangroves are able to reduce non-storm waves by 70% of their near shore height! Selection of plantation and nursery sites and the mangrove species which are best suited to the planting areas; To raise a mangrove container plant nurseries for restocking the failure; To transport nursery stock to selected planting sites for transplanting; Collection of mangroves seeds and propagules; Earthwork for nursery beds, trenches/pits and earthen embankments; Organize field visits to the mangroves sites for media representatives, academician and SSGC staff; Seminars and awareness campaigns involving media and academic institutions, as well as relevant government departments such as the fisheries department, forest departments, etc. �eq�3�=l޼�)+�y�3]��mK��q����&���sQ�Ә�M�V�� �qP���b@/zqȓ$-��. peatlands), freshwater streams and rivers. He added that from the funds raised for the trip, the students donated 10,000 Yen (more than RM3,500) to SFD in support of mangrove rehabilitation … To showcase the model created through the project and make it an example to encourage corporate sector towards conservation initiatives. The Mekong River Delta (Figure 1) at the Southern tip of Viet Nam is a low -level plain formed by eroded sediments from the upper Mekong river basin. Mangrove restoration is the regeneration of mangrove forest ecosystems in areas where they have previously existed. H��W�r����+z���x?fg{��RIeJ���8��$� PV~#��sn7@B��N�,A �>�9���_�כw�͛�6d��6������g� The importance of mangroves is beautifully illustrated by Vietnamese artist Ta Luu. xref %%EOF This area has been identified as critical for environmental conservation and interventions such as the one being proposed will contribute to the overall coastal sustainability. The detritus serves as a nutrient source and is the base of an extensive food web in which organisms of commercial importance take part. One of KAPIII’s key components is to increase coastal resilience by using soft options such as mangrove planting or hard options such as seawalls to reduce coastal erosion and protect native habitats, which are home to important sea life such as the sea life we feed our families. x�b```f``��������� ��u�T�z&(6��',8�A�G�%�J� �3���,�>���%���U}u�]@����)A�+]Փ!�. Mangrove communities are recognized as highly productive ecosystems that provide large quantities of organic matter to adjacent coastal waters in the form of detritus and live animals (fish, shellfish). Mangroves also help prevent erosion by stabilizing sediments with their tangled root systems. ]f �H�]�@yhJ�� 0000002176 00000 n Considering the vast ecological services the mangrove forest that has to offer, few studies were conducted on the effectivity of mangrove rehabilitated sites using indicator species. Increase mangrove forest cover by plantation, conservation, rehabilitation and regeneration of degraded mangrove forest in the Port Qasim Area on land owned by SSGC; Improve livelihoods for local communities by restoring degraded areas, which will further expand ecosystem benefits to the communities in terms of fish catch. Document and share lessons learnt from this engagement in collaboration with MFF Programme with other private sector and other stakeholders working along the coast of Pakistan and in the MFF region. Mangroves protect shorelines from damaging storm and hurricane winds, waves, and floods. These voluntary commitments of the Results support the contention that reducing the inundation time of mangrove seedlings by the flood tide, either by raising their height above ground, planting them on higher ground, trailer ZSL Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Manual (10.27 MB) 3. ZSL's team of mangrove researchers have published the following manuals: 1. However, while there are guidelines for permitted irreversible loss of This in turn is used to transform carbon from carbon dioxide gas produced from burning fossil fuels, into organic carbon that feeds the plants themselves and the entire ecosystem they exist in. They maintain water quality and clarity, filtering pollutants and trapping sediments originating from land. It also reviews the mangrove planting efforts 0000000936 00000 n m`�0�X#�X��l�gҀH3[00��s ���N�]@���%�� The purpose of forest rehabilitation is to restore the capacity of degraded forest land to deliver forest products and services. The Port Qasim Area of Karachi is situated along the coast of Karachi and is an interconnected coastal patch which houses various oil and gas sector companies. 0000002431 00000 n Primavera and Esteban (2008) reviewed eight mangrove rehabilitation projects in the Philippines and found out that despite heavy funding in the hundreds of millions of dollars to rehabilitate thousands of hectares of mangroves over the last two decades, the long-term survival rates of mangroves are generally low at 10–20 %. Many families are involved in the project, and to date over 60,000 mangrove plants have been grown. • Fencing to stop stock damage to banks and grazing on mangroves. These are the effectiveness of the planting, which can be considered as the closeness to which the new mangrove ecosystem meets the original goals of the rehabilitation programme, the rate of recruitment of flora and fauna, which can be considered to be a measure of how quickly the rehabilitated site recovers its integrity, and the efficiency of rehabilitation, which can be measured in terms of the amount of labour, resources and material … 0000004783 00000 n The area is also characterized by stretches of mangroves plantations. the base of the plant) (5.5 no./plant) and conventional method (21.3 no./plant). Mangrove forests are coastal plant communities that are part of a larger coastal ecosystem that typically includes mud flats, seagrass meadows, tidal marshes, salt barrens and even coastal upland forests and freshwater wetlands (i.e. Sam said the students, led by their teacher Saori Matsuoka, were all excited about the trip and took part in planting mangroves in Sungai Lalasun, Sandakan. Another majorly important function of mangroves near reefs is shoreline protection. mangrove rehabilitation practices through key informant interviews and focus group discussions; 2) land cover change analysis through GIS;3) carbon stock assessment; and 4) identification of potential strategies/recommendations for sustainable mangrove management. 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