between the Spanish represented by Hernando Cortes and the Mexica Empire of Moctezuma II. In 1519, as conquistador Hernan Cortes was making his way inland from the coast on his audacious conquest of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire, he had to pass through the lands of the fiercely independent Tlaxcalans, who were the mortal enemies of the Mexica. I n two short years, much of the Aztec nobility had been slaughtered, and Moctezuma was dead, either at the hands of his own disappointed people, or … Cortés led his men into the heart of the Mexica empire but realised, once there, that the vast lake all around would imprison him if Moctezuma chose to close the bridges. The Aztecs refused to have any meeting. Montezuma very graciously welcomed Cortes to his city, and Cortes answered with great respect, adding many thanks for all the Mexican's gifts. Cortes first met officials of the Aztec Empire at San Juan de Ulúa in spring 1519. A variety of sources have stated that, rather than lure Cortes to the Aztec capital, Montezuma tried to bribe him to stay away. Up to 10 000 Aztecs were killed and every Spaniard was either killed or injured. I think Moctezuma II regarded Cortes and his men as diplomats rather than military men. In August 1519, Cortes, along with about 600 men, headed for the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. As Montezuma approached, Cortes threw his reins to a page and dismounted, and with a few of his chief men went forward to meet the Emperor. However, after a period of time, the Spaniards made Montezuma a hostage in his own house. Along the way, they accumulated more treasures from Montezuma II, gifts from the leader of Tlaxcala who became an ally of Cortés, and plunders from the Cholula Massacre. The emphasis is not on the wealth of New Spain that was The two great men looked at each other with a keen interest. 2 Answers. Between July and November of 1519 Cortés was on the move, making his way to Tenochtitlan. 4 First, students will compare two different artistic portrayals of the first contact and ... That is why Cortes shares equal place with a Spanish friar. Moctezuma continued to govern his empire and even undertook conquests of new territory during the Spaniards’ stay at Tenochtitlan. The Empire his forefathers created crumbled in the wake of his death; his decisions in the crucial year of 1519 granted Cortes entry into Tenochtitlan itself, setting the stage for Montezuma’s own seizure at their hands and internment as a royal captive within his own palace. The Fall of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, was a decisive event in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.It occurred in 1521 following extensive manipulation of local factions and exploitation of pre-existing divisions by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés, who was aided by the support of his indigenous allies and his interpreter and companion La Malinche. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? Yes, but I have the same reaction to trivia that I read on the internet every day. The Spaniards lived as his guests for many months during which Montezuma continued to rule his empire. Students should note that Document C provides very different explanations for why Moctezuma told Cortés that the Aztecs had been expecting him and for why Spanish missionaries said that Moctezuma believed Cortés was Quetzalcoatl. What made her fortune was her knowledge of both Nahua and Maya speech, combined with her intelligence. Did I go "hmm" when I read that there is a relief of Cortes and Montezuma on the Capitol? If Montezuma thought of Hernan Cortes as Quetzalcoatl then he would have treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear. Exactly why this happened is not clear from the extant sources. The mistake that the Cacique Moctezuma made was to welcome Hernán Cortés obsequiously and courteously and allowed him to stay in the city, thinking he was the Aztec god prophesied to return to earth around that period. The rescued Aguilar, who spoke the Maya of Yucatán and Tabasco, readily understood the Maya of Tabasco as spoken by Marina. Theory 1- Montezuma II believes that Cortes is a god There was an Aztec prophesy that stated that the god, Quetzalcoatl would arrive at the year 1519, the exact year that Hernan Cortes arrived at Tenochtitlan. B) Montezuma believed that Cortés was the god Quetzalcoatl. Cortes, Spanish and Portuguese courts, Catalan Corts, a representative assembly, or parliament, of the medieval Iberian kingdoms and, in modern times, the national legislature of Spain and of Portugal.. C) there was little in the city of interest to the Spanish. Cortés and La Malinche meet Moctezuma in Tenochtitlan, November 8, 1519. Cortés at first did not bestow upon her especial notice, merely assigning her to "a distinguished gentleman." Montezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes. The Fight to Bring Home the Headdress of an Aztec Emperor The brilliant object sits on display in a Viennese museum—and Mexico’s been wanting it back for decades. 20 days after Cortes left for the coast he returned with more men and was let into the city in peace, but as soon as they entered the city they were attacked (Portilla,M., n.d.). When the last Aztec Empress was born in the early 16th century to the Great Moctezuma II, all she had was her distinguished name. While they were accompanied by their new allies, the Tlaxcala, only Cortés and the Spanish were invited into the city. Later, the emperor sent a message. Their number was so few in comparision to Aztecs and he did not see any threat militarily. At first, the Tlaxcalans fought the conquistadors viciously, but after repeated defeats, they decided to make peace with the Spanish and … Once the Spaniards did arrive, Montezuma may well have decided to add the invaders to his collection, but it seems unlikely that he started out wanting to do so. Moctezuma bore this outrage well and went on behaving like a perfect host. It is hard to imagine that Moctezuma, from the safety and grandeur of his palace, did not look out into his magnificent garden - filled with every animal known to Mesoamerica - and experience a sort of anxious, nagging curiosity about Cortes and his men. By the time she died at the age of 50, she had survived five husbands, mothered seven children, built a large estate and established a … Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured The value of the main thesis outweighs the author's This revisionist myth busting retelling of … Cortes let Cuitlahuac go, but instead of reopening the market, the warlike prince organized an even fiercer attack on the barricaded Spaniards. Without Marina, attempts to negotiate with the Aztecs would have been impossible. Yet even then, he tried to persuade Moctezuma to invite him to Tenochtitlan, freeing the captives to carry a message to the Emperor that he had come in peace. The Aztec Empire. Moctezuma is remembered today mainly as the Aztec ruler who lost his empire to a European power, although this is an unfair assessment of him. The Spaniards were driven back into the palace and were trapped inside the city. The Spanish claimed Montezuma died at the hands of his own people; … Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who explored Central America, overthrew Montezuma and his vast Aztec empire and won Mexico for the crown of Spain. E) all of the above. A) Cortés's army was so powerful. Answer Save. The story of Moctezuma, last to reign over an Aztec empire, is one of absolute power – and abject surrender. On … D) he was told to by the gods. He must have used his stay to study the people and their ways of life, thus gaining military advantages. Moctezuma II. He then brought Cortes and his men to his palace in the capital city of Tenochtitlán and made arrangements for their comfortable stay. I mention this because although Cortés and those who went with him to seize Moctezuma were all armed, Moctezuma did not take it as anything new, nor was he disturbed at all. Moctezuma II was the 9th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). Moctezuma tried to speak with Cortes, but the Spaniard was angry and refused to talk to him. And now it is the subject of a haunting new exhibition at the British Museum Still believing that Cortés might be Quetzalcoatl, Moctezuma II gave the Spanish many gifts and allowed them to stay as guests in the Aztec capital. Unable to restore order, Cortes had a reluctant Montezuma hauled to the roof of the palace, where he pleaded with his people to stop attacking the Spanish. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Moctezuma Xocoyotzin ‘The Younger’ Montezuma is a tragic figure; or is he? Cortes said he would only respond for 20,000 castellanos. Cortés and the Spanish arrived at the city of Tenochtitlan in November of 1519. For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. These efforts did much to keep Moctezuma undecided about how to deal with the invaders. Cortes and Montezuma by Donald Barthelme Because Cortes lands on a day specified in the ancient writings, because he is dressed in black, because his armor is silver in color, a certain ugliness of the strangers taken as a group-for these reasons, Montezuma considers Cortes to be Quetzalcoatl, the great god who left Mexico many years before, on a raft of snakes, vowing to return. At some time during that period Moctezuma became a prisoner in his own house. Alongside Doña Marina (Malinche), the loyal interpreter and mistress of Hernando Cortés, Doña Isabel de Moctezuma, the daughter of the famous Mexica huey tlahtoani (supreme ruler) Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin is the most well-known and popular female personage of the late pre-Hispanic and early colonial history of Mexico. Javier Bardem's upcoming Amazon Studios TV series Cortes Y Moctezuma has become the latest program to fall victim to COVID-19.. Moctezuma commanded. Ask students why Document C might differ so much from Documents A … On several occasions he asked for a meeting with Moctezuma II, the ruler (tiatoani) of the Aztecs. It was then that Cortés decided to make Moctezuma a prisoner in his own palace. Hearing of the approach of Cortes, with his frightful horses and sophisticated weapons, Montezuma II tried to buy him off, but Cortes would not be dissuaded. 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