The Battle of Trafalgar heralded the rise of Britain's Imperial power. The majority of the casualties were French and Spaniards. Napoleon turned instead against Britain’s Austrian and Russian allies. It was created after much research, and with the advice of naval historians and senior Admiralty officers, but ultimately abandoned because of the cost of staging the battle itself. After Napoleon's losses at Trafalgar, it seems to have taken him only a few months to realise what he had done. The Battle of Trafalgar heralded the rise of Britain's Imperial power. This is strategic history for the age of NATO and the British Army of the Rhine. It was the most decisive naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars. The governing principles of his instructions were that the order of sailing in which the fleet was when the enemy was seen was to be the order of battle; that no time was to be wasted in forming a precise line; that the attack was to be made in two bodies, of which one, to be led by the second in command, Collingwood, was to throw itself on the r… British ships, in storm that blew up after battle. Furthermore, he had to lead the line of battle because only he could settle the point of impact to ensure that the enemy flagship and command centre was taken out in the initial collision, reducing the enemy to a leaderless collection of A fleet of 33 ships (18 French and 15 Spanish) under Admiral Pierre de Villeneuve fought a British fleet of 27 ships under Admiral Horatio Nelson. The majority of Nelson’s squadron broke through and shattered Villeneuve’s lines in the pell-mell battle. Trafalgar shattered forever Napoleon’s plans to invade England. On October 19–20 his fleet slipped out of Cádiz, hoping to get into the Mediterranean Sea without giving battle. “Notwithstanding the impact of Covid, at this time each year in Royal Navy warships and establishments around the world, people will be recalling the Battle of Trafalgar, remembering the sailors that fell and especially Admiral Horatio Nelson who delivered the most brilliant and decisive victory that ever distinguished the British Navy,” Commodore Dainton said. Despite several successful evasions of the blockade by the French navy, it failed to inflict a major defeat upon the British. The Battle Of Trafalgar screenplay was originally commissioned by the James Bond producers, Salzman and Broccoli, then toyed with by the BBC for its celebration of the bicentenary of the battle. The decisive nature of the engagement, the death of Nelson and the outpouring of national grief in the aftermath have inspired a wealth of literature on the battle and many narratives have retold this famous action. About 1,500 British seamen were killed or wounded, but no British ships were lost. Thus the strategic logic of war against a naval power, without a fleet, drew French armies into campaigns that finally ruined them. Napoleon was not present at the Battle of Trafalgar. Moreover Napoleon's empire was never politically or economically stable. Obsessed with a nightmare vision of corruption which scarcely existed outside his own imagination, he had paralysed naval administration, emptied the storehouses, and dismissed a large fraction of the dockyard workforce. "The Battle of Trafalgar saw the British decisively defeat a combined French and Spanish fleet on 21st October 1805 in the most significant naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars. The Effects Of Louis XVI And The King Of France. By noon the larger squadron, led by Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood in the Royal Sovereign, had engaged the rear (south) 16 ships of the French-Spanish line. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Bonaparte was known to be preparing for renewed war, and, two days before it broke out, Nelson, in May 1803, was given command in the Mediterranean, hoisting his flag in the, …French and Spanish fleets at Trafalgar, thereby preventing an invasion of Britain. The Aftermath of Trafalgar. 3-12. Trafalgar ... won Britain an unchallenged command of the sea ... Trafalgar did more, however, than hold the ring at the worst crisis of the war. Most of this fighting was done by the armies, though in effect it was paid for by the Royal Navy, which safeguarded the overseas trade by which Britain earned its own livelihood and subsidised its allies. The Battle of Trafalgar took place on 21 October 1805 during the Napoleonic War of the Third Coalition. In Britain, meanwhile, historians for the past half-century have agreed that Trafalgar only confirmed what everybody had always known. His enemies in continental Europe, who had the same interest in a balance of commercial and maritime power as the British had in the balance of power in Europe, desired to maintain France as a counterweight to Britain, and repeatedly (even as late as 1814) offered him terms that would have saved his throne and many of his conquests. 21st of October marks the 215th anniversary of The Battle of Trafalgar in which an estimated 3000 Royal Marines were present at Nelson's victory over the French and Spanish. This is strategic history for the age of NATO and the British Army of the Rhine. His soldiers and officials, even at the highest levels, were eminently corruptible, so that behind the official façade the political glue of the regime was dissolving. However, the strategic results of this battle were much more significant. Battle of Trafalgar(Images) Pierre-Charles Villeneuve(Images) Slavery(Images) Battle of Trafalgar(Video) << Previous: Battles and Weaponry; … As a general interpretation of Britain's strategic situation over many centuries, however, the argument is a good deal less persuasive, for such wars have in fact been uncommon in history. Less than two months later, Napoleon decisively defeated the Third Coalition at the Battle of Austerlitz, knocking Austria out of the war and forcing the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. They believe that the great issues between the nations of Europe have always been decided by massed armies clashing on the plains of Flanders and Westphalia, while sea power has played only a supporting role. Everywhere in his empire merchants kept up their trade as much as they could, with the aid of bribery and false papers. If it is necessary to fight a war of annihilation, as it was against Napoleon and Hitler, if nothing will do but the conquest and overthrow of the enemy regime, then certainly sea power alone will never suffice. Britain, for want of a great army to commit to the European battlefield, could not win a decisive victory on land, but neither did she risk a decisive defeat. He refused them all, however, and this in the end persuaded them that for their own survival they had to crush him, and force his consent to a peace treaty - the Congress of Vienna, 1815 - that secured Britain unchallenged naval supremacy. After Trafalgar, there was still long and hard fighting to be done to bring home to the emperor that he had exhausted his long-term options. Nelson famously sailed in the face of naval doctrine. The Battle of Trafalgar was the most important conflict won by the British against the combined forces of the Gallic and Spanish fleets during the Napoleonic Wars. Having thrown away his fleet, Napoleon had no direct means of attacking a maritime and commercial power such as that of Britain, and he was forced to resort to economic warfare. Nelson caught him off Cape Trafalgar on October 21. Results of the Battle of Trafalgar. When Spain entered the war, in December 1804, Napoleon had over 100 ships of the line available. In these days of telegraphs, this may seem incredible. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Nelson was mortally wounded by a sniper, but when he died at 4:30 pm he was certain of his complete victory. Effects "Battle of Trafalgar" "Battle of Cape Oregal" Lord Nelson. Battle of Trafalgar, (October 21, 1805), naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars, which established British naval supremacy for more than 100 years; it was fought west of Cape Trafalgar, Spain, between Cádiz and the Strait of Gibraltar. Robin Brooks' detailed historical research informs the accurate appearance and position of the four ships in 'The Defining Moment', which are Le Redoutable, HMS Victory, Le Bucentaure and Santisima Trinidad. It pitted Britain against Napoleon Bonaparte ‘s French Empire and Spain and ended in a resounding victory for the Brits. 2. They have also often cited Trafalgar as the ultimate (if not the only) piece of evidence for their overall view of Britain's strategic situation in relation to the powers of continental Europe over the centuries. 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