It has also been applied to certain non-European rulers, such as those of … Itzcoatl’s successor Montezuma (Moctezuma) I, who took power in 1440, was a great warrior who was remembered as the father of the Aztec empire. World Digital Library. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Search. The Spanish were no doubt anxious to justify the conquest of the empire. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . He strengthened the reign of himself and his nobles, though his conquests were not as widespread as the ruler before him. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of Hernan Cortés. (1466–1520). Unsure of who these people were or what they wanted, Moctezuma II ordered his people to keep him informed of their movements and actions. Moctezuma II ruled over the empire of the Mexica, as they called themselves – it is pronounced Mesheeka, while the term Aztecs was introduced by later writers – … Spanish massacre of Aztec people in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, https://www.historycrunch.com/moctezuma-ii.html#/. He Was a Great Warrior and General. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Actually, that's not the only thing that's a matter of disagreement. Answers (1) Macy October 14, 3:54 AM. Moctezuma brought social, economical, and political reform to strengthen Aztec rule, and Tenochititlan benefited from relations with other tribes. It is a compound of a noun meaning "lord" and a verb meaning "to frown in anger", and so is interpreted as "he is one who frowns like a lord" or "he who is angry in a noble manner." Placing these recent finds alongside significant and historical items on loan from Mexico in the grand Reading Room, the Museum gives us a glimpse of Aztec life in the early 16th century. Montezuma II is the namesake of Montezuma's revenge, a form of diarrhea that arises when a tourist consumes a food that he/she does not often eat. In 1519, more Spanish conquistadors arrived, but this time they were led by Hernan Cortés. Moctezuma II by Daniel del Valle from the Museo Nacional De Arte, Mexico. Palaces of Montezuma II. It is questionable whether it was the superstition of the emperor that was his downfall or not.No one is sure how he died. During Montezuma’s reign, a period Montezuma was a brave warrior in the field as well as a skilled … In fact, this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who was a Spanish conquistador and one of the first European explorers to arrive in Mexico. He may have been killed by the Spanish when they felt he was no longer useful. 01. of 10. Search. Moctezuma II's father, Axayacatl, ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother, Tizoc, to take over the throne. Let's take a look at the man who ruled in such extraordinary times... Moctezuma views a magic mirror that foretells that coming of the Spaniards.Was the emperor really ruled by superstition, or was he more practical?Picture from the Codex Florentino. Death of Moctezuma II from the Florentine Codex. Montezuma II Xocoyotzin was leader of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire in 1519 when Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes showed up with a powerful army. His name glyph, shown in the upper left corner of the image from the Codex Mendoza above, was composed of a diadem (xiuhuitzolli) on straight hair with an attached earspool, a separate nosepiece and a speech scroll. It was found that a glyph in the central disk represented the name of the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma II, who ruled between 1502 and 1520. But was it Moctezuma II that was really the target of this hate, or just the powerful Mexica culture?When it came to conquering and expansion, it was really the previous emperor that steals the spotlight - Ahuitzotl. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. The empire went through stages of expansion, and Ahuitzotl was the emperor in charge of the most recent one. The people were religious, but not uneducated. This may be the reason why Cortes was able to find allies among the cities of Mexico in his conquest. 14/07/2019 10:13 PM. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). History. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . LOGIN TO VIEW ANSWER. According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. Moctezuma II (reigned 1502–20), whose surname was Xocoyotzin or “Bitter Lord,” was the ninth Aztec emperor, the son of Axayácatl and the great grandson of Moctezuma I (also seen as Montezuma I). Moctezuma tried to keep Cortes from entering and taking the city but ended up as a hostage while Cortes and his allies took over. For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. Moctezuma is remembered today mainly as the Aztec ruler who lost his empire to a European power, … Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire from his capital city of Tenochtitlán. I can explain how Hernando Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec. It just so happened that Cortes was white and bearded, fitting the general description. In 1519 soldiers from Spain , led by Hernán Cortés , arrived in the Aztec lands. Nowadays, his name has many different spellings, including Motecuhzuma and Moctezuma. References: Review of Montezuma: Warlord of the Aztecs by Michael E. Smith; Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest by Matthew Restall; Encyclopædia Britannica online; Smithsonian Archives; Wikipedia article on Moctezuma II; Moctezuma Xocoyotzin By Marisol Martín del Campo. Model of Moctezuma II by George Stuart - photo by Mary Harrsch (Click on image to enlarge) Moctezuma Xocoyotzin reigned from 1502 to 1520 and was one of eleven Tlatoque or “Great Speakers” to rule the Aztec empire. Moctezuma II (reigned 1502–20), whose surname was Xocoyotzin or “Bitter Lord,” was the ninth Aztec emperor, the son of Axayácatl and the great grandson of Moctezuma I (also seen as Montezuma I). The Aztec people, however, resented the … I can identify major Spanish explorers and conquistadors of the Americas. During this time, Moctezuma served as a general under his uncle. Moctezuma II. Would that empire have continued a thousand years? The original Nahuatl form of his name was pronounced Template:IPA. Montezuma II was very a smart and industrious ruler. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Today his name has a lot of spellings, including Montezuma and Motecuhzoma. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. Evidence seems to be mounting that Moctezuma II was actually an industrious and clever ruler. What hand Moctezuma II had in that fall may never be known. Other sources claim he was killed by his own people, who felt he had lost them the empire. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. Post Your Question. Just about every aspect of Moctezuma II has been open to controversy. He ruled the land until his untimely death in 1520. . The crown is a sign of Moctezuma's sovereignty. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Montezuma II Montezuma was the leader of the Aztecs, and he ruled from 1502 until 1520. Evidence seems to be mounting that Moctezuma II was actually an industrious and clever ruler. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Spanish overthrew the Aztec Empire with the aid of thousands of the Aztec’s enemies. Historians have reported that Moctezuma II was first made aware of the Spanish’s arrival in 1517 when Spanish conquistadors landed at the edge of Aztec territory along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization ’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. At its height, the Aztecs ruled over 80,000 square miles throughout central Mexico, from the Gulf Coast to the Pacific Ocean, and south to what is now Guatemala. The use of a regnal number is only for modern distinction from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I bec… When he came to power after Ahuitzotl's death, it was natural that his job should be to consolidate the power that had come so recently to the Aztecs. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. It may be that he has been misjudged from his encounter and loss to the Spanish as indecisive, superstitious and capitulating.He ruled an empire of 5-6 million people. History. His great grandson, Montezuma II was born around the year 1466. He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. Asked By lcarpetron @ 22/05/2020 12:08 AM. Historians have long held that Montezuma II invited Cortes into the city due to Aztec religious beliefs. B. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. He was certainly faced with a difficult situation when the powerful strangers landed. If you quote this material please be courteous and provide a link. Moctezuma (ad. According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. Somebody was rewriting history, or maybe everybody was. 0 Answers. Related Questions in History. Would that empire have continued a thousand years? He died in 1520 during a battle with the Spanish, though the exact cause of his death is a matter of disagreement. He was born in Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire, which is today called Mexico City. Ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother.Tizoc, to take over the throne. This is because Moctezuma II continued to rule over the Aztec Empire and city of Tenochtitlan from his imprisonment in the Aztec palace. Millions of people in 38 provinces paid tribute to the Aztec ruler, Montezuma II, prior to the Spanish Conquest in 1521. By the early 16th century, the Aztecs had come to rule over up to 500 small states, and some 5 to 6 million people, either by conquest or commerce. Chapter 6 Lesson 2 Explorers and Conquerors Learning Targets I can describe Moctezuma II’s rule over the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma II, the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, was known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin. MOCTEZUMA II is a historical conundrum. Ancestry. Login with Gmail. We know that Moctezuma II, or Montezuma as he is sometimes called, was the last elected Aztec emperor and ruled over an empire that stretched from the shores of the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. Reign of Montezuma II When his uncle died in 1502, Montezuma automatically ascended to the throne. Modern scholars sometimes call him Moctezuma II to differentiate him from the other emperor of the name, but in his time the number was not used. Toggle navigation. The Aztec Empire was at its best when Montezuma II was crowned in 1502. The indigenous peoples themselves may have wanted someone to blame as well. Cremation of Moctezuma II from the Florentine Codex. You can read about the fall of the empire elsewhere. Moctezuma is remembered today mainly as the Aztec ruler who lost his empire to a European power, although this is an unfair assessment of him. He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. The articles on this site are ©2006-2020. The Aztec nobility and religious leaders became very angry during this time with the Spanish. In this version, Moctezuma’s body was said to have been thrown from the palace as the Spanish fled. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Cortés had several hundred soldiers and sailors, as well as horses and guns. Moctezuma II captured by Spanish conquistadors. Montezuma's indecision in the face of these unknown invaders certainly contributed to the fall of his empire and civilization. It just so happened that Cortes was white and bearded, fitting the general description. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin and similar, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.It was during Moctezuma's reign that the episode known as the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began. Even before he received this … Wrapping up the year with the third of its major exhibitions in 2009, the British Museum brings us a selection of recent archaeological discoveries from the time Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. For most of his reign, he controlled a large portion of what is now central and southern Mexico . Although the Aztec Empire expanded to its peak under the reign of Moctezuma, it also eventually fell victim to the conquistadores , who took over the capital (now Mexico City) after the ruler himself was killed. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Moctezuma II's father, Axayacatl. He chose eventually to meet them in peace, giving gifts and even allowing for their lack of cultural knowledge (for example, no one was allowed to look directly at the emperor - Moctezuma apparently overlooked Cortes' offense in this matter).The Spanish in reality may have just provided the excuse needed for an inevitable civil war. info)), was the ninth tla­toani or ruler of Tenochti­t­lan, reign­ing from 1502 to 1520. He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. When Montezuma II was born (circa 1466), the Aztec empire spread to present-day Honduras and Nicaragua. The name signifies frowning and kingly anger. Cortés had several hundred soldiers and sailors, as well as horses and guns. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? It is a compound of a noun meaning "lord" and a verb meaning "to frown in anger", and so is interpreted as "he is one who frowns like a lord," "he who is angry in a noble manner," or "he who angers himself." Montezuma II was proceeded by his great grandfather Montezuma I. Montezuma I had expanded the Aztec Empire to the Gulf of Mexico. Close. Question: Moctezuma II ruled over. Montezuma was killed in the fighting–in Aztec reports by the Spaniards, and in Spanish reports by an Aztec mob bitter at Montezuma’s subservience to Spanish rule… By the end of his rule, the Spanish had taken over and the Aztecs no longer ruled themselves. 1 Answers. During the period of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, it was ruled by Moctezuma II. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. Montezuma II, also spelled Moctezuma, (born 1466—died c. June 30, 1520, Tenochtitlán, within modern Mexico City), ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. The Aztec people cremated his body soon after. Moctezuma II was born in 1466 to Axayacatl, the sixth ruler of the Aztec Empire, and Xochicueyetl. Synopsis. Due to his uncle's efforts in expanding the empire, Montezuma's rule stretched across what is now known as the … Which of these was not a key difference between Northern and … He was Heuy Tlatoani Moctezuma, the Great Speaker of the city of Tenochtitlán (read more about the titles of Aztec government).He was born around 1466, and was to become a successful ruler and general even before he became emperor from 1502-1520.It was in 1517 that the emperor first got the news that strangers had landed on the coast. Montezuma II himself was taken as a hostage by the notorious Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortes in 1519. +8. StudyHawks. Moctezuma II (1466-1520), the Aztec ruler of Mexico, meets Hernan Cortes and his men at the edge of Mexico City (Tenochtitlan). Becoming Emperor In 1502, Moctezuma II became Emperor of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Regardless, Moctezuma II died during this time and his death was one of several factors that led to the eventual collapse of the Aztec Empire during the Spanish conquest. These city-states ruled the area in and around the Mexico Valley from 1428 until they were defeated by the Spanish in 1521 as part of the Spanish conquest. Historians have long held that Montezuma II invited Cortes into the city due to Aztec religious beliefs. The Aztecs had thousands of warriors. Quetzalcoatl: The Feathered Serpent of Mexico The Aztecs believed that their ancestors were not from Central America. as part of a festival. From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. Placing these recent finds alongside significant and historical items on loan from Mexico in the grand Reading Room, the Museum gives us a glimpse of Aztec life in the early 16th century. Jan 1, 1502. When he came to power he continued the campaigns of conquest and expanded the Aztec Empire even further than it had already in the previous decades. C. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. For most of his reign, he controlled a large portion of what is now central and southern Mexico . However, Moctezuma II is most famous for being the Aztec ruler during the. The crown is a sign of Moctezuma's sovereignty. Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). D. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. It has been written with a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Moctezuma. When Cortés and his men arrived in Tenochtitlan, Moctezuma II, who precariously ruled over a large empire, chose to welcome Cortés as an honored guest, rather than risk a war which might quickly be joined by aggrieved indigenous people. Montezuma II was the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, he was know as Motecuhzuma Xocoyotzin. In this period, the Aztecs controlled Mexico and Central America. Moctezuma II ruled over the empire of the Mexica, as they called themselves – it is pronounced Mesheeka, while the term Aztecs was introduced by later writers – from 1502. Which Spanish class included Spanish colonists born in the Americas? the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. On the 8th of November 1519, Cortes and Moctezuma met. There is much more to Montezuma than his defeat by the Spanish, however. He more than doubled the area of dominance.One of the great generals that fought his battles, however, was his nephew - Moctezuma. Montezuma's headdress (click the images). Historians are unsure of which version is true based on the truthfulness of the sources of information and the difficulty of assessing an event so far in the past. The Aztecs didn’t start out as a powerful people, however. The palace of Montezuma II also had two houses or zoos, one for birds of prey and another for other birds , ... Moctezuma had rule over an empire of almost five million people in central and southern Mexico because he had extended his rule to surrounding territories to gain tribute and prisoners to sacrifice to the gods. Cuitláhuac, the younger brother of Moctezuma II, was chosen as the next tlatoani to rule over Tenochtitlan. However, Montezuma was doomed to be the last great Aztec king. Moctezuma II ruled over A. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. He probably died disgraced in June 1520.Moctezuma II was succeeded by his brother Cuitláhuac, then by his nephew Cuauhtémoc, the last of the Aztec emperors. It is often linked to the bacterium E. coli. Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire. Regnal number The use of a regna… He was born in 1480, and was trained to become a priest. Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire from his capital city of Tenochtitlán. Nowadays, his name has many different spellings, including Motecuhzuma and Moctezuma. It may be that he has been misjudged from his encounter and loss to the Spanish as indecisive, superstitious and capitulating.He ruled an empire of 5-6 million people. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? The problem is that sources are highly contradictory. He had also built a large public works program and built a dike at Lake Texcoco to keep the lake from flooding his capital city of Tenochtitlan. Over the next few months, he was used and imprisoned by the Spanish as the conquest progressed. Wrapping up the year with the third of its major exhibitions in 2009, the British Museum brings us a selection of recent archaeological discoveries from the time Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire. Conquistadors Conquerors Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas. (1466–1520). Montezuma Was Not Really … He is famous for being the ruler of the Aztec empire at the start of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The second version of his death, which comes from Aztec accounts of the event, is that Moctezuma II was killed by the Spanish as they fled the city following the Aztec retaliation for the. For this reason, it's hard to get beyond the basics and really understand the man. Many may have been happy for the chance to free themselves from the powerful Aztecs. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. Emperor, title designating the sovereign of an empire, conferred originally on rulers of the Roman Empire and on various later European rulers, including the Holy Roman emperors, the Russian tsars, and Napoleon Bonaparte. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. Question: Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. studyhawks. However, Montezuma was doomed to be the last great Aztec king. Moctezuma (c. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, [N.B. The Nahuatl pronunciation of his name is [motek%CA%B7%CB%88so%CB%90ma]. Template:Aztec Moctezuma or Montezuma II, also known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (c. 1466 -1520), was an Aztec ruler ("huey tlatoani" of Tenochtitlan), leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance from c. 1502–1520. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. LOGIN TO POST ANSWER. When he came to power he continued the campaigns of conquest and expanded the Aztec Empire even further than it had already in the previous decades. They believed that Moctezuma II was weak and had let the Spanish take over the city. When his father died in 1481, the throne passed to one of his uncles, Tizocic, who reigned until 1486. From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. The Aztecs had thousands of warriors. Explore . He was a warrior leader considered to be a demi-god by his subjects, who in his early years massively expanded the … Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma II ruled over. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. Montezuma II was very a smart and industrious ruler. The Europeans did not conquer the empire alone, they were only a part of a force that changed the order of things in Mexico.The belief that the Aztecs took the Spanish for gods is coming more more into question. Login with Facebook Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. Login. In 1519 soldiers from Spain , led by Hernán Cortés , arrived in the Aztec lands. Conquest era. Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. He was in turn succeeded by another of Moctezuma’s uncles, Ahuitzotl. In many ways, this emperor is believed to have been harsh in the ruling of his empire. . And industrious ruler to Aztec religious beliefs, or maybe everybody was have long held that Montezuma II was around! Emperor in 1502 under the leadership of ways, this emperor is believed to have been thrown the. Cuauhtemoc, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Motecuhzoma circa 1466 ), Aztecs! 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